Child Mortality In China And Vietnam In A Comparative Perspective
AbstractThis paper analyzes China’s and Vietnam’s performance in reducing under-five child mortality in a comparative perspective. Under the market socialist model, both countries achieved very high rates of GDP growth, but income distribution and the provision of key public services deteriorated. As a result, child mortality reduction in China and Vietnam was only partially satisfactory. However, although the former grew faster and is more economically developed, Vietnam’s record in this area was markedly better than China’s. We show that this apparent paradox is due mainly to two reasons. One is related to the relative status of women, which is better in Vietnam than in China. The other stems from the fact that the perverse side-effects of market-oriented reforms (such as worsening income distribution and degradation of essential public services) have reached a more advanced and alarming stage in China than in Vietnam.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 3987.
Date of creation: Jul 2006
Date of revision: Dec 2006
Child Mortality; China; Vietnam; Socialist Market; Cross Country analysis;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- I12 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Health Production
- P21 - Economic Systems - - Socialist Systems and Transition Economies - - - Planning, Coordination, and Reform
- I38 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Government Programs; Provision and Effects of Welfare Programs
- O21 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Development Planning and Policy - - - Planning Models; Planning Policy
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2007-07-20 (All new papers)
- NEP-CNA-2007-07-20 (China)
- NEP-DEV-2007-07-20 (Development)
- NEP-HEA-2007-07-20 (Health Economics)
- NEP-SEA-2007-07-20 (South East Asia)
- NEP-TRA-2007-07-20 (Transition Economics)
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