China's (uneven) progress against poverty
AbstractWhile the incidence of extreme poverty in China fell dramatically over 1980-2001, progress was uneven over time and across provinces. Rural areas accounted for the bulk of the gains to the poor, though migration to urban areas helped. The pattern of growth mattered. Rural economic growth was far more important to national poverty reduction than urban economic growth. Agriculture played a far more important role than the secondary or tertiary sources of gross domestic product (GDP). Rising inequality within the rural sector greatly slowed poverty reduction. Provinces starting with relatively high inequality saw slower progress against poverty, due both to lower growth and a lower growth elasticity of poverty reduction. Taxation of farmers and inflation hurt the poor. External trade had little short-term impact.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by The World Bank in its series Policy Research Working Paper Series with number 3408.
Date of creation: 01 Sep 2004
Date of revision:
Governance Indicators; Public Health Promotion; Poverty Assessment; Services&Transfers to Poor; Environmental Economics&Policies; Economic Conditions and Volatility; Poverty Impact Evaluation; Achieving Shared Growth; Safety Nets and Transfers;
Other versions of this item:
- C72 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Game Theory and Bargaining Theory - - - Noncooperative Games
- D82 - Microeconomics - - Information, Knowledge, and Uncertainty - - - Asymmetric and Private Information; Mechanism Design
- L14 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - Transactional Relationships; Contracts and Reputation
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2004-09-30 (All new papers)
- NEP-DEV-2004-09-30 (Development)
- NEP-LTV-2004-09-30 (Unemployment, Inequality & Poverty)
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