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Implementing Performance-Based Sustainability Requirements for the Low Carbon Fuel Standard – Key Design Elements and Policy Considerations


Author Info

  • Yeh, Sonia
  • Sumner, Daniel A.
  • Kaffka, Stephen R.
  • Ogden, J
  • Jenkins, Bryan M.


California’s Low Carbon Fuel Standard (LCFS) adopted by the California Air Resources Board (CARB) on April 23, 2009 requires a 10% reduction in the average greenhouse gas (GHG) emission intensity of the state’s transportation fuels by 2020. This regulation is expected to reduce lifecycle GHG emissions per year by 20–25 million metric tons by 2020. Given available technology options, biofuels are expected to play a major role toward achieving the target. However, the rapid expansion of biofuel production may have environmental and social impacts at local, regional, and international levels. In response, many governments and national consortia have adopted sustainability requirements for their biofuel programs. The CARB is to propose a strategic plan for addressing overall sustainability provisions for the LCFS, for consideration by the Board for adoption by the end of 2011.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Institute of Transportation Studies, UC Davis in its series Institute of Transportation Studies, Working Paper Series with number qt6bw3136s.

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Date of creation: 28 Oct 2009
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:cdl:itsdav:qt6bw3136s

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Keywords: UCD-ITS-RR-09-42; Engineering;


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  1. Lentz, T. Daniel & Akridge, Jay T., 1997. "Economic Evaluation Of Alternative Supply Chains For Soybean Peroxidase," Journal of Food Distribution Research, Food Distribution Research Society, vol. 28(3), October.
  2. Sperling, Dan & Yeh, Sonia, 2009. "Low Carbon Fuel Standards," Institute of Transportation Studies, Working Paper Series qt8834g64j, Institute of Transportation Studies, UC Davis.
  3. Hertel, Thomas W. & Tyner, Wallace E. & Birur, Dileep K., 2008. "Biofuels for all? Understanding the Global Impacts of Multinational Mandates," 2008 Annual Meeting, July 27-29, 2008, Orlando, Florida 6526, American Agricultural Economics Association (New Name 2008: Agricultural and Applied Economics Association).
  4. Delucchi, Mark, 2004. "Conceptual and Methodological Issues in Lifecycle Analyses of Transportation Fuels," Institute of Transportation Studies, Working Paper Series qt8n77n6z7, Institute of Transportation Studies, UC Davis.
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Cited by:
  1. Yeh, Sonia & Sperling, Daniel, 2010. "Low carbon fuel standards: Implementation scenarios and challenges," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 38(11), pages 6955-6965, November.
  2. Witcover, Julie & Yeh, Sonia & Sperling, Daniel, 2013. "Policy options to address global land use change from biofuels," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 56(C), pages 63-74.


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