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Does external openness influence the infant mortality rates? An econometric investigation for the Chinese provinces

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Author Info

  • Martine AUDIBERT

    ()
    (Centre d'Etudes et de Recherches sur le Développement International)

  • Jacky MATHONNAT

    ()
    (Centre d'Etudes et de Recherches sur le Développement International)

  • Yu CHEN

    ()
    (Université de Macau)

Abstract

During the last decades, China has achieved some remarkable results in improving the health status of its population. Since the end of the seventies, it has engaged in a process of large reforms in integrating with the global economy. This openness in policy has already paid important dividends in growth. The purpose of this study is to investigate if external openness had any influence on the evolution of infant mortality rates (IMR) in Chinese provinces since the beginning of the eighteen's. The first section is devoted to a brief comment on the evolution of the IMR. In section 2 and 3 we present the theoretical framework and the methodology adopted. Our hypotheses are tested with a panel data model. The results are discussed in section 4. They show that external openness had indirect effects on IMR in a way, which confirms the necessity to rebuild and expand medical insurance schemes. They also suggest it might be advisable to adopt measures in order to correct the health effects of the widening income disparities among provinces.

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File URL: http://publi.cerdi.org/ed/1998/1998.31.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by CERDI in its series Working Papers with number 199831.

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Length: 28
Date of creation: 1998
Date of revision:
Publication status: Published in Health and System Science, 2000, pages 65-90
Handle: RePEc:cdi:wpaper:99

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Keywords: China; panel data; external openness; infant mortality rates;

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  1. Sudhir Anand & Martin Ravallion, 1993. "Human Development in Poor Countries: On the Role of Private Incomes and Public Services," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 7(1), pages 133-150, Winter.
  2. Jean-François BRUN & Jacky MATHONNAT, 1997. "Les effets du financement extérieur sur le niveau des dépenses publiques d'éducation et de santé dans les pays en voie de développement -une analyse économétrique sur données de panel," Working Papers, CERDI 199715, CERDI.
  3. Jeffrey D. Sachs & Wing Thye Woo, . "Understanding China'S Economic Performance," Department of Economics, California Davis - Department of Economics 97-04, California Davis - Department of Economics.
  4. Tianlun Jian & Jeffrey D. Sachs & Andrew M. Warner, 1996. "Trends in Regional Inequality in China," NBER Working Papers 5412, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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