Deforestation and the Real Exchange Rate
AbstractDeforestation is a phenomenon that has largely been concentrated in the developing world. We construct a theoretical model of deforestation that focuses on the factors affecting the incentives to transform forested land into agricultural land. We show that: (i) lower discount rates (associated with higher income levels), stronger institutions, and increases in the relative price of timber decrease deforestation; (ii) depreciations in the real exchange rate increase deforestation in developing countries whereas the opposite obtains in developed countries; (iii) paradoxically, better institutions exacerbate the deleterious impact of depreciations in developing countries. These hypotheses are tested on an annual sample of 122 countries over the 1963-1994 period, and are not rejected by the data. Our results suggest that short-term macroeconomic policy, institutional factors, and the interaction between the two, are potentially important determinants of environmental outcomes.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by CERDI in its series Working Papers with number 200332.
Date of creation: 2003
Date of revision:
Publication status: Published in , 2002, pages
institutions.; real effective exchange rate; deforestation;
Other versions of this item:
- Jean-Louis ARCAND & Patrick GUILLAUMONT & Sylviane GUILLAUMONT JEANNENEY, 2005. "Deforestation and the Real Exchange Rate," Working Papers, CERDI 200533, CERDI.
- Jean-Louis Arcand & Patrick Guillaumont & Sylviane Guillaumont Jeanneney, 2011. "Deforestation and the Real Exchange Rate," Working Papers, HAL halshs-00570477, HAL.
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