Agglomeration and Growth: Evidence from the Regions of Central and Eastern Europe
AbstractThis paper examines the empirical relationship between agglomeration and economic growth for a panel of 48 Central and Eastern European regions from 1995 to 2006. By agglomeration, we mean the within-regional concentration of aggregate economic activity, which we measure using the 'topographic' Theil index developed by Bruelhart and Traeger (2005). A transitional growth specification Ã la Mankiw, Romer and Weil (1992) is augmented with this index and estimated using panel data methods that account for endogeneity and spatial dependence. Our empirical analysis provides evidence of a positive effect of agglomeration as measured by the topographic Theil index on long-run income levels. A one standard-deviation increase in agglomeration is estimated to raise steady-state income per capita by 15%. While this effect is sizeable, it may also imply a trade-off between regional development and within-regional equality for Central and Eastern Europe. Keywords: Agglomeration, regional growth, Central and Eastern Europe, spatial econometrics, panel data econometrics JEL codes: R11, R12, C23, O52
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by European Regional Science Association in its series ERSA conference papers with number ersa12p1089.
Date of creation: Oct 2012
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Find related papers by JEL classification:
- R11 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, Environmental Issues, and Changes
- R12 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity; Interregional Trade (economic geography)
- C23 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models
- O52 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Europe
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2012-10-13 (All new papers)
- NEP-FDG-2012-10-13 (Financial Development & Growth)
- NEP-GEO-2012-10-13 (Economic Geography)
- NEP-TRA-2012-10-13 (Transition Economics)
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