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Poverty and survival

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  • Sonia Bhalotra

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Abstract

A recent literature highlights the uncertainty concerning whether economic growth has any causal protective effect on health and survival. But equal rates of growth often deliver unequal rates of poverty reduction and absolute deprivation is more clearly relevant. Using state‐level panel data for India, we contribute the first estimates of the impact of changes in poverty on infant survival. We identify a significant within-state relationship which persists conditional upon state income, indicating the size of survival gains from redistribution in favour of households below the poverty line. The poverty elasticity declines over time after 1981. It is invariant to controlling for income inequality but diminished upon controlling for education, fertility and state health expenditure, and eliminated once we introduce controls for omitted trends.

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File URL: http://www.bristol.ac.uk/cmpo/publications/papers/2010/wp253.pdf
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Paper provided by Department of Economics, University of Bristol, UK in its series The Centre for Market and Public Organisation with number 10/253.

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Length: 35 pages
Date of creation: Dec 2010
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:bri:cmpowp:10/253

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Keywords: poverty; income; inequality; infant mortality; India; economic reform; state health expenditure; panel data.;

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  1. Yamano, Takashi & Alderman, Harold & Christiaensen, Luc J.M., 2003. "Child Growth, Shocks, And Food Aid In Rural Ethiopia," 2003 Annual Meeting, August 16-22, 2003, Durban, South Africa, International Association of Agricultural Economists 25838, International Association of Agricultural Economists.
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