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Family Income and Education in the Next Generation: Exploring income gradients in education for current cohorts of youth

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  • Paul Gregg
  • Lindsey Macmillan

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Abstract

The relationship between the incomes of the family a child is growing up in and the education level the child obtains has been of great interest to researchers for a number of reasons. Firstly, this gives us a measure of educational inequality in its own right and secondly, because the relationship between family income and education is also one of the key drivers of intergenerational income mobility across time in the UK and gradients in life chances across a range of other domains. This paper explores the evolution of the relationship between family income and education for a group of cohorts from those born in 1958 to those born in 1991/92. The range of educational relationships we can measure obviously depends on the age of the child. For older cohorts, who we observe as finished in education, we can measure the full range of educational outcomes up to degree level and their relationship with family income. For younger cohorts who are in earlier stages of education, we can measure test scores and GCSE results but not later educational outcomes.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Department of Economics, University of Bristol, UK in its series The Centre for Market and Public Organisation with number 09/223.

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Length: 21 pages
Date of creation: Jul 2009
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:bri:cmpowp:09/223

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Keywords: Intergenerational mobility; children; education;

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References

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  8. Solon, Gary, 1999. "Intergenerational mobility in the labor market," Handbook of Labor Economics, in: O. Ashenfelter & D. Card (ed.), Handbook of Labor Economics, edition 1, volume 3, chapter 29, pages 1761-1800 Elsevier.
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  14. Costas Meghir & Mårten Palme, 2005. "Educational Reform, Ability, and Family Background," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 95(1), pages 414-424, March.
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Cited by:
  1. Lindley, Joanne & Machin, Stephen, 2012. "The Quest for More and More Education: Implications for Social Mobility," IZA Discussion Papers 6581, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  2. Jo Blanden & Lindsey Macmillan, 2014. "Education and Intergenerational Mobility: Help or Hindrance?," CASE Papers /179, Centre for Analysis of Social Exclusion, LSE.
  3. Jo Blanden & Lindsey Macmillan, 2014. "Education and Intergenerational Mobility: Help or Hindrance?," DoQSS Working Papers 14-01, Department of Quantitative Social Science - Institute of Education, University of London.
  4. Cormac O'Dea & Ian Preston, 2012. "The distributional impact of public spending in the UK," IFS Working Papers W12/06, Institute for Fiscal Studies.
  5. Lindsey Macmillan, 2013. "The role of non-cognitive and cognitive skills, behavioural and educational outcomes in accounting for the intergenerational transmission of worklessness," DoQSS Working Papers 13-01, Department of Quantitative Social Science - Institute of Education, University of London.
  6. Lindsey Macmillan & Claire Tyler & Anna Vignoles, 2013. "Who gets the Top Jobs? The role of family background and networks in recent graduates' access to high status professions," DoQSS Working Papers 13-15, Department of Quantitative Social Science - Institute of Education, University of London.

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