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Heterogeneidad en la fijación de precios en Colombia: Análisis de sus determinantes a partir de modelos de conteo

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Author Info

  • Juan Carlos Parra A.
  • Martha Misas A.

    ()

  • Enrique López E.

    ()

Abstract

En este documento se estudian los determinantes de la heterogeneidad observada en la flexibilidad de precios, empleando los resultados encontrados en una encuesta directa por Misas et al. (2009). Para esto se utilizan los modelos de conteo y se diseñan e implementan un conjunto de pruebas de especificación y de selección de modelos que garantizan una correcta inferencia estadística. En términos generales, los determinantes más significativos a la hora de explicar el grado de flexibilidad de los precios, son las características del producto, los acuerdos contractuales y el sector económico al que pertenece la firma. Por su parte, técnicas de mercadeo, como la posibilidad de discriminar precios entre compradores, son menos significativas. También se encuentra que la existencia de leyes o decretos administrativos, la existencia de líderes en precios y los movimientos de costos no explican la heterogeneidad en el proceso de fijación de los precios.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Banco de la Republica de Colombia in its series Borradores de Economia with number 628.

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Handle: RePEc:bdr:borrec:628

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Related research

Keywords: Formación de precios; flexibilidad de precios; modelos de conteo; bootstrapping; Colombia. Classification JEL: C12; C21; C25; C51; E31; L10;

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  1. Benigno, Pierpaolo, 2004. "Optimal monetary policy in a currency area," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 63(2), pages 293-320, July.
  2. Mark Bils & Peter J. Klenow, 2002. "Some Evidence on the Importance of Sticky Prices," NBER Working Papers 9069, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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  4. Carlos Carvalho, 2005. "Heterogeneity in Price Setting and the Real Effects of Monetary Shocks," Macroeconomics 0509017, EconWPA, revised 12 Sep 2005.
  5. repec:nbr:nberre:0126 is not listed on IDEAS
  6. Juan Manuel Julio, 2010. "Heterogeneidad Observada y no Observada en la Formación de los Precios del Ipc Colombiano," ENSAYOS SOBRE POLÍTICA ECONÓMICA, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ESPE.
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  9. Martha Misas A. & Enrique López E. & Juan Carlos Parra A., . "La formación de precios en las empresas colombianas: evidencia a partir de una encuesta directa," Borradores de Economia 569, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
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  15. Álvarez, Luis J. & Hernando, Ignacio, 2005. "The price setting behaviour of Spanish firms: evidence from survey data," Working Paper Series 0538, European Central Bank.
  16. Aoki, Kosuke, 2001. "Optimal monetary policy responses to relative-price changes," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 48(1), pages 55-80, August.
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Cited by:
  1. Ana María Iregui B. & Ligia Alba Melo B. & María Teresa Ramírez G., . "Wage Adjustment Practices and the Link between Price and Wages: Survey Evidence from Colombian Firms," Borradores de Economia 660, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.

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