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Heterogeneidad en la fijación de precios en Colombia: análisis de sus determinantes a partir de modelos de conteo

  • Martha Misas A.

    ()

  • Juan Carlos Parra A.

    ()

  • Enrique López E.

    ()

En este documento se estudian los determinantes de la heterogeneidad observada en laflexibilidad de precios, empleando los resultados encontrados en una encuesta directa por Misaset al. (2009). Para esto se utilizan los modelos de conteo y se diseñan e implementan unconjunto de pruebas de especificación y de selección de modelos que garantizan una correctainferencia estadística. En términos generales, los determinantes más significativos a la hora deexplicar el grado de flexibilidad de los precios, son las características del producto, los acuerdoscontractuales y el sector económico al que pertenece la firma. Por su parte, técnicas demercadeo, como la posibilidad de discriminar precios entre compradores, son menossignificativas. También se encuentra que la existencia de leyes o decretos administrativos, laexistencia de líderes en precios y los movimientos de costos no explican la heterogeneidad en elproceso de fijación de los precios.

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File URL: http://cea.javeriana.edu.co/documents/153049/2786252/Vol.11_2_2011.pdf/4644ecc5-510d-4414-83a9-aa3a01ba0887
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Paper provided by UNIVERSIDAD JAVERIANA - BOGOTÁ in its series VNIVERSITAS ECONÓMICA with number 008301.

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Length: 40
Date of creation: 31 Jan 2011
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Handle: RePEc:col:000416:008301
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  1. Lombardo, Giovanni & Vestin, David, 2007. "Welfare implications of Calvo vs. Rotemberg pricing assumptions," Working Paper Series 0770, European Central Bank.
  2. Álvarez, Luis J. & Hernando, Ignacio, 2005. "The price setting behaviour of Spanish firms: evidence from survey data," Working Paper Series 0538, European Central Bank.
  3. Aoki, Kosuke, 2001. "Optimal monetary policy responses to relative-price changes," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 48(1), pages 55-80, August.
  4. Robert J. Gordon, 1981. "Output Fluctuations and Gradual Price Adjustment," NBER Working Papers 0621, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  5. Begoña Álvarez & Miguel A. Delgado, 2002. "Goodness-of-fit techniques for count data models: an application to the demand for dental care in Spain," Empirical Economics, Springer, vol. 27(3), pages 543-567.
  6. Mark Bils & Peter J. Klenow, 2004. "Some Evidence on the Importance of Sticky Prices," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 112(5), pages 947-985, October.
  7. Juan Manuel Julio, 2010. "Heterogeneidad observada y no observada en la formación de los precios del ipc colombiano," Ensayos sobre Política Económica, Banco de la Republica de Colombia, vol. 28(63), pages 66-99, Diciembre.
  8. Taylor, John B, 1980. "Aggregate Dynamics and Staggered Contracts," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 88(1), pages 1-23, February.
  9. Carlton, Dennis W., 1989. "The theory and the facts of how markets clear: Is industrial organization valuable for understanding macroeconomics?," Handbook of Industrial Organization, in: R. Schmalensee & R. Willig (ed.), Handbook of Industrial Organization, edition 1, volume 1, chapter 15, pages 909-946 Elsevier.
  10. Martha Misas Arango & Enrique López Enciso & Juan Carlos Parra, 2009. "La formación de precios en las empresas colombianas: evidencia a partir de una encuesta directa," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 005735, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.
  11. Maria Melkersson & Dan-Olof Rooth, 2000. "Modeling female fertility using inflated count data models," Journal of Population Economics, Springer, vol. 13(2), pages 189-203.
  12. Donald W. K. Andrews, 1997. "A Conditional Kolmogorov Test," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 65(5), pages 1097-1128, September.
  13. Benigno, Pierpaolo, 2001. "Optimal Monetary Policy in a Currency Area," CEPR Discussion Papers 2755, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  14. Rotemberg, Julio J, 1982. "Monopolistic Price Adjustment and Aggregate Output," Review of Economic Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 49(4), pages 517-31, October.
  15. Richard Ruggles, 1955. "The Nature of Price Flexibility and the Determinants of Relative Price Changes in the Economy," NBER Chapters, in: Business Concentration and Price Policy, pages 441-505 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  16. Carvalho Carlos, 2006. "Heterogeneity in Price Stickiness and the Real Effects of Monetary Shocks," The B.E. Journal of Macroeconomics, De Gruyter, vol. 6(3), pages 1-58, December.
  17. Daniel de Munnik & Kuan Xu, 2007. "Micro Foundations of Price-Setting Behaviour: Evidence from Canadian Firms," Working Papers 07-31, Bank of Canada.
  18. Calvo, Guillermo A., 1983. "Staggered prices in a utility-maximizing framework," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 12(3), pages 383-398, September.
  19. Carlos Carvalho, 2005. "Heterogeneity in Price Setting and the Real Effects of Monetary Shocks," Macroeconomics 0509017, EconWPA, revised 12 Sep 2005.
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