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The Stickiness of Colombian Consumer Prices

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  • Juan Manuel Julio

    ()

  • Héctor Manuel Zárate

    ()

  • Manuel Dario Hernández

    ()

Abstract

The price setting behavior of Colombian retailers of goods and services was studied based on a unique dataset containing 12,052,970 individual price reports covering all items in the Colombian CPI from March 1999 to May 2008. The main results are summarized as follows: 1. Colombian consumer prices were found to be sticky. More precisely, they were found to be stickier than those in Chile and Portugal and might be more flexible than those in the Euro Area and some European countries. 2. Price reductions are not rare. Forty percent of price changes were found to be reductions. 3. Absolute percentage price changes were found to be larger than inflation. 4. As inflation is reduced in Colombia, the following happens: (i) price stickiness increases, (ii) the distribution of price stickiness concentrates on the rigid side, (iii) the variability and bias of the distribution of percentage price changes decreases, and (iv), nominal downward rigidities in the frequency of price changes are invariant to inflation. 5. A great deal of price setting heterogeneity was also found. 6. A slight downward nominal price rigidity was detected in the data. 7. Price change synchronization was found to be low. 8. About 32% of the CPI corresponds to Taylor contracts, 34% to other time dependent rules and 34% to state dependent rules. 9. The decision to raise prices covaries with inflation and cumulative inflation since the last price update. 10. The decision to reduce prices is highly heterogeneous among different groups of goods and services and covaries with the cumulative inflation since the last price change and the percentage difference between the price and the average market price. These findings provide some of the micro fundamentals for the design of staggered contract models for monetary policy analysis in Colombia.

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Paper provided by Banco de la Republica de Colombia in its series Borradores de Economia with number 578.

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Handle: RePEc:bdr:borrec:578

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Keywords: Price Setting Behavior; Sticky Prices; CPI. Classification JEL:E31; E52; E58.;

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References

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  1. Ignazio Angeloni & Gunter Coenen & Frank Smets, 2003. "Persistence, The Transmission Mechanism And Robust Monetary Policy," Scottish Journal of Political Economy, Scottish Economic Society, Scottish Economic Society, vol. 50(5), pages 527-549, November.
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Cited by:
  1. Pietro Bonaldi & Andrés González & Diego Rodríguez, 2011. "Importancia de las rigideces nominales y reales en Colombia: un enfoque de equilibrio general dinámico y estocástico," ENSAYOS SOBRE POLÍTICA ECONÓMICA, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ESPE, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ESPE.
  2. Luis Eduardo Arango & Luz Karine Ardila & Miguel Igancio Gómez, 2010. "Efecto del cambio del salario mínimo en el precio de las comidas fuera del hogar en Colombia," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 006621, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.
  3. Ana Iregui & Ligia Melo & María Ramírez, 2012. "Wage Adjustment Practices and the Link between Price and Wages: Survey Evidence from Colombian Firms," Lecturas de Economía, Universidad de Antioquia, Departamento de Economía, Universidad de Antioquia, Departamento de Economía, issue 76, pages 17-53.

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