Advanced Search
MyIDEAS: Login to save this paper or follow this series

Radiografía del sector servicios en España

Contents:

Author Info

  • Esther Gordo

    ()
    (Banco de España)

  • Javier Jareño

    ()
    (Banco de España)

  • Alberto Urtasun

    ()
    (Banco de España)

Abstract

A pesar de la enorme y creciente importancia de las ramas de actividad de servicios en las economías desarrolladas, hasta fechas recientes los recursos destinados a su análisis han sido muy inferiores a los dirigidos a las ramas industriales. Las mejoras en lo que se refiere a la disponibilidad de información, que anteriormente era muy limitada, permiten abordar el análisis de este sector desde perspectivas muy diversas. En este sentido, el objeto del presente trabajo es cubrir algunas de las lagunas existentes en el análisis de los servicios españoles, poniendo de manifiesto aquellas características diferenciales que pueden ser esenciales para entender el débil comportamiento de su productividad. El estudio se aborda desde cinco perspectivas complementarias. En primer lugar se utilizan las grandes cifras macroeconómicas para describir los principales rasgos de la estructura y evolución de los servicios. En segundo término, se analizan las características estructurales de las empresas de servicios, tanto desde una perspectiva agregada como sectorial. La inversión en innovación, eje fundamental para el logro de mayores avances en la productividad, constituye la tercera perspectiva del trabajo. Junto con el capital tecnológico, el capital humano se erige en otra de las posibles fuentes de mejoras de productividad; es por ello que, como cuarto enfoque se analizan las características del empleo en los servicios. Finalmente, y con el fin de conocer cómo se relacionan los servicios con el resto de la economía, se examinan las relaciones intersectoriales mediante las tablas de origen destino. Todas las características, o perspectivas, anteriores son difíciles de evaluar de forma aislada, siendo necesario establecer un marco de comparación. En este trabajo se emplean dos puntos de referencia: el sector industrial, como rama de actividad que históricamente ha mostrado mayores avances de productividad, y los sectores de servicios de las economías que constituyen nuestro entorno económico más próximo (Alemania, Francia, Italia y Reino Unido). También, cuando la información lo permite, se consideran algunos rasgos de los servicios en Estados Unidos, que en algunos casos constituyen un paradigma de los avances de productividad.Los resultados obtenidos son tan heterogéneos como la propia naturaleza de las actividades que se engloban en esta rama de actividad. Sin embargo, tal vez puedan destacarse la especialización relativa de la economía española en servicios que por su naturaleza presentan un menor nivel de productividad, como son los relacionados con el turismo; la enorme presencia relativa de empresas pequeñas o muy pequeñas en la mayor parte de las actividades y que muestran niveles de productividad muy interiores a los de sus homólogas europeas; el menor esfuerzo en innovación tecnológica de los servicios españoles y la elevada orientación de su inversión hacia la ampliación de infraestructuras y construcción, en detrimento de los bienes de equipo.

Download Info

If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.
File URL: http://www.bde.es/f/webbde/SES/Secciones/Publicaciones/PublicacionesSeriadas/DocumentosOcasionales/06/Fic/do0607.pdf
File Function: First spanish version, October 2006
Download Restriction: no

Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Banco de Espa�a in its series Banco de Espa�a Occasional Papers with number 0607.

as in new window
Length: 94 pages
Date of creation: Oct 2006
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:bde:opaper:0607

Contact details of provider:
Email:
Web page: http://www.bde.es/
More information through EDIRC

Related research

Keywords: sector; servicios;

This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:

References

References listed on IDEAS
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
as in new window
  1. Soledad Núñez & Miguel Pérez, 2000. "La rama de servicios en España: un análisis comparado," Banco de Espa�a Working Papers 0007, Banco de Espa�a.
  2. Baldwin, John R. & Harchaoui, Tarek, 2002. "Productivity Growth in Canada," Productivity Growth in Canada, Statistics Canada, Economic Analysis, number stcb6e, December.
  3. Nadim Ahmad & François Lequiller & Pascal Marianna & Dirk Pilat & Paul Schreyer & Anita Wölfl, 2003. "Comparing Labour Productivity Growth in the OECD Area: The Role of Measurement," OECD Science, Technology and Industry Working Papers 2003/14, OECD Publishing.
  4. Anita Wölfl, 2003. "Productivity Growth in Service Industries: An Assessment of Recent Patterns and the Role of Measurement," OECD Science, Technology and Industry Working Papers 2003/7, OECD Publishing.
  5. Baumol, William J & Blackman, Sue Anne Batey & Wolff, Edward N, 1985. "Unbalanced Growth Revisited: Asymptotic Stagnancy and New Evidence," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 75(4), pages 806-17, September.
  6. Schettkat, Ronald & Yocarini, Lara, 2003. "The Shift to Services: A Review of the Literature," IZA Discussion Papers 964, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  7. Álvarez, L. & Dias, D. & Dhyne, E. & Hoffmann, J. & Jonker, N. & Le Bihan, H. & Lünnemann, P. & Rumler, F. & Veronese, G. & Vilmunen, J., 2005. "Price Setting in the Euro Area: Some Stylized Facts from Individual Consumer Price Data," Working papers, Banque de France 136, Banque de France.
  8. Wolff, Edward N., 1997. "The Productivity Paradox: Evidence from Indirect Indicators of Service Sector Productivity Growth," Working Papers, C.V. Starr Center for Applied Economics, New York University 97-39, C.V. Starr Center for Applied Economics, New York University.
  9. Enrico Giovannini & William Cave, 2005. "The Statistical Measurement of Services: Recent Achievements and Remaining Challenges," OECD Statistics Working Papers 2005/2, OECD Publishing.
  10. Line Vogt, 2005. "The EU's Single Market: At Your Service?," OECD Economics Department Working Papers 449, OECD Publishing.
  11. Ark, Bart van & Broersma, Lourens & Jong, Gjalt de, 1999. "Innovation in services : overview of data sources and analytical structures," GGDC Research Memorandum, Groningen Growth and Development Centre, University of Groningen 199944, Groningen Growth and Development Centre, University of Groningen.
  12. W. Erwin Diewert & Kevin J. Fox, 1999. "Can measurement error explain the productivity paradox?," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 32(2), pages 251-280, April.
  13. Dirk Pilat & Anita Wölfl, 2005. "Measuring the Interaction Between Manufacturing and Services," OECD Science, Technology and Industry Working Papers 2005/5, OECD Publishing.
  14. Lööf, Hans, 2004. "A Comparative Perspective on Innovation and Productivity in Manufacturing and Services," Working Paper Series in Economics and Institutions of Innovation 1, Royal Institute of Technology, CESIS - Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies.
  15. Giuseppe Nicoletti, 2001. "Regulation in Services: OECD Patterns and Economic Implications," OECD Economics Department Working Papers 287, OECD Publishing.
  16. Zvi Griliches, 1992. "Output Measurement in the Service Sectors," NBER Books, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, number gril92-1.
  17. Timmer, Marcel P. & Inklaar, Robert, 2005. "Productivity differentials in the U.S. and EU distributive trade sector: statistical myth or reality," CCSO Working Papers, University of Groningen, CCSO Centre for Economic Research 200501, University of Groningen, CCSO Centre for Economic Research.
  18. Baumol, William J, 1972. "Macroeconomics of Unbalanced Growth: Reply," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 62(1), pages 150, March.
  19. D.B. Audretsch & Luuk Klomp & A.R. Thurik, 1998. "Do Services differ from Manufacturing? The Post-Entry Performance of Firms in Dutch Services," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 98-012/3, Tinbergen Institute.
Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

Citations

Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.
as in new window

Cited by:
  1. Trigo, Alexandre & Vence, Xavier, 2012. "Scope and patterns of innovation cooperation in Spanish service enterprises," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 41(3), pages 602-613.

Lists

This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

Statistics

Access and download statistics

Corrections

When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:bde:opaper:0607. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Mar�a Beiro. Electronic Dissemination of Information Unit. Research Department. Banco de Espa�a).

If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.