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The Draft and the Quality of Military Personnel

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  • Timothy J. Perri
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    Abstract

    It has been argued the draft may enable the military to attract more able individuals than a volunteer military, and thus increase welfare. In our theoretical model, we find this may be the case if a volunteer military simply takes the least able individuals. When the military tests individuals and does not take the lowest quality applicants, neither a random draft nor a draft with testing increases welfare, and both usually decrease welfare. Only if testing is relatively costly would a random draft dominate a volunteer military with testing. Key Words:

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    File URL: http://econ.appstate.edu/RePEc/pdf/wp1005.pdf
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    Paper provided by Department of Economics, Appalachian State University in its series Working Papers with number 10-05.

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    Date of creation: 2010
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    Handle: RePEc:apl:wpaper:10-05

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    1. Timothy J. Perri, 2006. "The Economics of US Civil War Conscription," Working Papers 06-07, Department of Economics, Appalachian State University.
    2. Tom Ross, 1988. "Raising An Army: A Positive Theory Of Military Recruitment," Carleton Industrial Organization Research Unit (CIORU) 88-08, Carleton University, Department of Economics.
    3. John Warner & Sebastian Negrusa, 2005. "Evasion costs and the theory Of conscription," Defence and Peace Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 16(2), pages 83-100.
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