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Cost Pass-Through In The U.S. Coffee Industry

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Author Info

  • Leibtag, Ephraim S.
  • Nakamura, Alice
  • Nakamura, Emi
  • Zerom, Dawit

Abstract

A rich data set of coffee prices and costs was used to determine to what extent changes in commodity costs affect manufacturer and retail prices. On average, a 10-cent increase in the cost of a pound of green coffee beans in a given quarter results in a 2-cent increase in manufacturer and retail prices in that quarter. If a cost change persists for several quarters, it will be incorporated into manufacturer prices approximately cent-forcent with the commodity-cost change. Given the substantial fixed costs and markups involved in coffee manufacturing, this translates into about a 3-percent change in retail prices for a 10-percent change in commodity prices. We do not find robust evidence that coffee prices respond more to increases than to decreases in costs.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by United States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service in its series Economic Research Report with number 7253.

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Date of creation: 2007
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Handle: RePEc:ags:uersrr:7253

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Keywords: cost pass-through; retail prices; manufacturer prices; commodity costs; coffee; Demand and Price Analysis;

References

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  1. Jerry Hausman & Ephraim Leibtag, 2009. "CPI Bias from Supercenters: Does the BLS Know that Wal-Mart Exists?," NBER Chapters, in: Price Index Concepts and Measurement, pages 203-231 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Robert B. Barsky & Jeffrey A. Miron, 1988. "The Seasonal Cycle and the Business Cycle," NBER Working Papers 2688, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. Borenstein, Severin & Cameron, A Colin & Gilbert, Richard, 1997. "Do Gasoline Prices Respond Asymmetrically to Crude Oil Price Changes?," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 112(1), pages 305-39, February.
  4. Krivonos, Ekaterina, 2005. "The impact of coffee market reforms on producer prices and price transmission," 2005 Annual meeting, July 24-27, Providence, RI 19315, American Agricultural Economics Association (New Name 2008: Agricultural and Applied Economics Association).
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Emi Nakamura, 2008. "Pass-Through in Retail and Wholesale," NBER Working Papers 13965, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Gregory, Alexandra & Featherstone, Allen M., 2008. "Nonparametric Efficiency Analysis for Coffee Farms in Puerto Rico," 2008 Annual Meeting, February 2-6, 2008, Dallas, Texas 6765, Southern Agricultural Economics Association.
  3. Bonnet, Céline & Dubois, Pierre & Villas Boas, Sofia B., 2009. "Empirical Evidence on the Role of Non Linear Wholesale Pricing and Vertical Restraints on Cost Pass-Through," IDEI Working Papers 565, Institut d'Économie Industrielle (IDEI), Toulouse, revised Sep 2011.

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