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Comparative Advantage And Trade Competitiveness In Hungarian Agriculture

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  • Ferto, Imre

Abstract

The complementarities of trade advantage and trade competitiveness measures for Hungarian agro-food trade with the European Union are analyzed. The stability and duration of the trade measures over time is investigated by the survival analysis using the nonparametric Kaplan-Meier product limit estimator and the consistency test between the trade measures is conducted by the stratified Cox proportional hazard model. Hungary experienced greater number of products with relative trade disadvantages and greater significance of one-way imports. Hungary experienced relative trade advantages for bulk raw commodities, processed intermediates, and horticulture, with the greatest significance of successful quality competition and one-way exports, and the lowest significance of unsuccessful price and unsuccessful quality competition. The duration of relative trade advantages is longer than the duration for the successful trade competition categories. Our results confirm that the relative trade advantage is consistent with the one-way export and the successful price and successful quality competition categories in two-way trade on one side, and the relative trade disadvantage with the one-way import and the unsuccessful price and unsuccessful quality

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Szent Istvan University, Faculty of Economics and Social Sciences in its series Bulletin of the Szent Istvan University with number 43326.

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Date of creation: 2008
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Handle: RePEc:ags:siubul:43326

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Keywords: analyses of trade measure methods; relative disadvantages; Kaplan-Meier product limit estimator; Cox proportional hazard model; Agribusiness; International Relations/Trade; Productivity Analysis;

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  2. David Greenaway & Robert Hine & Chris Milner, 1994. "Country-specific factors and the pattern of horizontal and vertical intra-industry trade in the UK," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer, vol. 130(1), pages 77-100, March.
  3. Lionel Fontagné & Michaël Freudenberg & Nicolas Peridy, 1997. "Trade Patterns Inside the Single Market," Working Papers 1997-07, CEPII research center.
  4. Mark J. Gehlhar & Daniel H. Pick, 2001. "Food trade balances and unit values: What can they reveal about price competition?," Agribusiness, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 18(1), pages 61-79.
  5. P. Lynn Kennedy & R. Wes Harrison & Nicholas G. Kalaitzandonakes & H. Christopher Peterson & Ronald P. Rindfuss, 1997. "Perspectives on evaluating competitiveness in agribusiness industries," Agribusiness, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 13(4), pages 385-392.
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  7. Jeroen Hinloopen & Charles Marrewijk, 2001. "On the empirical distribution of the Balassa index," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer, vol. 137(1), pages 1-35, March.
  8. Jeroen Hinloopen & Charles van Marrewijk, 2004. "Dynamics of Chinese Comparative Advantage," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 04-034/2, Tinbergen Institute.
  9. Jeroen Hinloopen & Charles van Marrewijk, 2006. "Comparative Advantage, the Rank-size Rule, and Zipf's Law," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 06-100/1, Tinbergen Institute.
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  11. Proudman, James & Redding, Stephen, 2000. "Evolving Patterns of International Trade," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 8(3), pages 373-96, August.
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Cited by:
  1. Zaytsev, Alexander, 2012. "Элементы Региональной Диагностики (На Примере Краснодарского Края)
    [Elements of regional economic diagnostics (in Krasnodar region case)]
    ," MPRA Paper 46362, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  2. van Rooyen, Johan & Esterhuizen, Dirk & Stroebel, Lindie, 2011. "Analyzing the Competitive Performance of the South African Wine Industry," International Food and Agribusiness Management Review, International Food and Agribusiness Management Association (IAMA), vol. 14(4).
  3. Zaytsev, Alexander, 2012. "Региональная Диагностика И Отраслевой Анализ Производительности Труда
    [Regional diagnostics and branch analysis of labor productivity]
    ," MPRA Paper 46205, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  4. Regmi, Anita & Gehlhar, Mark J. & Wainio, John & Vollrath, Thomas L. & Johnston, Paul V. & Kathuria, Nitin, 2005. "Market Access For High-Value Foods," Agricultural Economics Reports 33999, United States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service.

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