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Trickling Down: Does Local Job Growth Reduce Poverty?

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  • Crandall, Mindy S.
  • Weber, Bruce A.
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    Abstract

    Was local job growth a significant determinant of poverty reduction between 1990 and 2000? This research takes advantage of newly available data and techniques to explore the job growth on tract-level poverty reduction. Spatial corrections to the model allow for more accurate identification of the significant determinants of poverty reduction across the United States. Results indicate that job growth is a highly significant predictor of poverty reduction, though its effect is modest. While spatial models didn't materially affect the regression coefficients, significant gains in model explanatory power were seen when using a spatial model as compared to OLS.

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    File URL: http://purl.umn.edu/18915
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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Oregon State University, Rural Poverty Research Center (RPRC) in its series Working Papers with number 18915.

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    Date of creation: 2005
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    Handle: RePEc:ags:osruwp:18915

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    Postal: 200 Mumford Hall, University of Missouri, Columbia, Missouri 65211
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    Web page: http://www.rprconline.org/index.htm
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    Keywords: Food Security and Poverty;

    References

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    1. Blank, Rebecca M., 2004. "Poverty, Policy And Place: How Poverty And Policies To Alleviate Poverty Are Shaped By Local Characteristics," Working Papers 18920, Oregon State University, Rural Poverty Research Center (RPRC).
    2. John Iceland, 1997. "Urban labor markets and individual transitions out of poverty," Demography, Springer, vol. 34(3), pages 429-441, August.
    3. Mitch Renkow, 2003. "Employment Growth, Worker Mobility, and Rural Economic Development," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 85(2), pages 503-513.
    4. Timothy J. Bartik, . "The Distributional Effects of Local Labor Demand and Industrial Mix: Estimates Using Individual Panel Data," Upjohn Working Papers and Journal Articles tjb1996, W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research.
    5. Steven N. Durlauf & H. Peyton Young (ed.), 2004. "Social Dynamics," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 0262541769, December.
    6. H. W. Hoynes, . "Local Labor Markets and Welfare Spells: Do Demand Conditions Matter?," Institute for Research on Poverty Discussion Papers 1104-96, University of Wisconsin Institute for Research on Poverty.
    7. Raymond J.G.M. Florax & Hendrik Folmer & Sergio J. Rey, 2002. "Specification Searches in Spatial Econometrics: The Relevance of Hendry's Methodology," Urban/Regional 0202001, EconWPA.
    8. Anselin, Luc, 2002. "Under the hood : Issues in the specification and interpretation of spatial regression models," Agricultural Economics, Blackwell, vol. 27(3), pages 247-267, November.
    9. Davis, Elizabeth E. & Connolly, Laura S. & Weber, Bruce A., 2003. "Local Labor Market Conditions and the Jobless Poor: How Much Does Local Job Growth Help in Rural Areas?," Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Western Agricultural Economics Association, vol. 28(03), December.
    10. Dan Rickman, 1998. "The causes of regional variation in U.S. poverty: A cross-county analysis," ERSA conference papers ersa98p13, European Regional Science Association.
    11. Mindy S. Crandall & Bruce A. Weber, 2004. "Local Social and Economic Conditions, Spatial Concentrations of Poverty, and Poverty Dynamics," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 86(5), pages 1276-1281.
    12. Crandall, Mindy S. & Weber, Bruce A., 2004. "Local Social And Economic Conditions, Spatial Concentrations Of Poverty, And Poverty Dynamics," Working Papers 18916, Oregon State University, Rural Poverty Research Center (RPRC).
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    Cited by:
    1. Crandall, Mindy S. & Weber, Bruce A., 2005. "Poverty In The West: Changing Fortunes From 1990-2000," Western Economics Forum, Western Agricultural Economics Association, vol. 4(01).

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