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Grades/Classes Of Hard Wheats Exported From North America: Analysis Of Demand And Trends

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Author Info

  • Dahl, Bruce L.
  • Wilson, William W.

Abstract

Export patterns for U.S. and Canadian hard wheats (HAD, HRS, HRW, CWRS, and CWAD) were examined. Analysis incorporated grade and non-grade factors from U.S. shipments and grades and classes of Canadian exports. Shift-share analysis was used to examine changes in market shares for classes and grades. Cluster analysis was used to group importers of U.S. wheat classes based on like grade and non- grade factors of wheat shipments. Canada exports most of its hard wheat as No. 1, while the U.S. exports predominately No. 2 or better. Classes experiencing increased market shares include HRS, CWRS, and CWAD. U.S. HRS, HRW, and HAD all showed patterns of increasing market shares for No. 1 over lesser grades from the early 1980s to 1990s. Importer comparisons indicated that in many cases, countries imported largely No. 1 from Canada and lesser grades from the U.S. (predominately No. 2 or better). Clustering analysis indicated an increase in the number of distinct segments of wheat importers from 1986-89 to 1991-94. Composition of market segments also changed with many countries moving from one segment to another from one year to the next.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by North Dakota State University, Department of Agribusiness and Applied Economics in its series Agricultural Economics Reports with number 23379.

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Date of creation: 1996
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Handle: RePEc:ags:nddaer:23379

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Keywords: Demand and Price Analysis; International Relations/Trade;

References

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  1. Gallagher, Paul W. & Wilson, W., 1990. "Quality Differences and Price Responsiveness of Wheat Class Demands," Staff General Research Papers 10777, Iowa State University, Department of Economics.
  2. Wilson, William W., 1986. "Competition in the International Wheat Market," Agricultural Economics Reports 23326, North Dakota State University, Department of Agribusiness and Applied Economics.
  3. Benirschka, Martin & Koo, Won W., 1995. "World Wheat Policy Simulation Model: Description and Computer Program Documentation," Agricultural Economics Reports 23333, North Dakota State University, Department of Agribusiness and Applied Economics.
  4. Scherping, Daniel J. & Cobia, David W. & Johnson, D. Demcey & Wilson, William W., 1992. "Wheat Cleaning Costs and Grain Merchandising," Agricultural Economics Reports 23154, North Dakota State University, Department of Agribusiness and Applied Economics.
  5. Wilson, William W. & Gallagher, Paul W., 1988. "Differentiation and Implicit Prices in Export Wheat Markets," Statistical Series Reports 146454, North Dakota State University, Department of Agribusiness and Applied Economics.
  6. Adam, Brian D. & Kenkel, Philip L. & Anderson, Kim B., 1994. "The Economics Of Cleaning Winter Wheat For Export: An Evaluation Of Proposed Federal "Clean Grain" Standards," Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Western Agricultural Economics Association, vol. 19(02), December.
  7. Mercier, Stephanie & Hyberg, Bengt, 1995. "Grain Quality Revisited," Choices, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 10(1).
  8. Johnson, D. Demcey & Wilson, William W., 1993. "Wheat Cleaning Decisions At Country Elevators," Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Western Agricultural Economics Association, vol. 18(02), December.
  9. Benirschka, Martin & Koo, Won W., 1996. "World Wheat Policy Simulation Model: Preliminary Baseline," Agricultural Economics Reports 23184, North Dakota State University, Department of Agribusiness and Applied Economics.
  10. Wilson, William W., 1994. "Demand For Wheat Classes By Pacific Rim Countries," Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Western Agricultural Economics Association, vol. 19(01), July.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Wilson, William W. & Dahl, Bruce L., 1998. "Grain Quality And North American Hard Wheat Exports," Trade Research Center Research Discussion Papers 29249, Montana State University, Department of Agricultural Economics and Economics.
  2. Ronald B. Larson, 2004. "New market groupings based on food consumption patterns," Agribusiness, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 20(4), pages 417-432.
  3. Dahl, Bruce L. & Wilson, William W., 1998. "Consistency Of Quality Characteristics In Hard Red Spring Wheats," Agricultural Economics Reports 23455, North Dakota State University, Department of Agribusiness and Applied Economics.
  4. Marsh, Thomas L., 2005. "Economic substitution for US wheat food use by class," Australian Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society, vol. 49(3), September.
  5. Kim, Renee B. & Veeman, Michele M. & Unterschultz, James R., 2002. "The Future of Canadian Wheat Exports to Japan: Comparing the Japanese and South Korean Noodle Flour Markets," CAFRI: Current Agriculture, Food and Resource Issues, Canadian Agricultural Economics Society, issue 03.
  6. Marsh, Thomas L., 2003. "Elasticities for U.S. Wheat Food Use by Class," 2003 Conference (47th), February 12-14, 2003, Fremantle, Australia 57920, Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society.
  7. Wilson, William W. & Dahl, Bruce L., 1999. "Transnational Grain Firms: Evolution And Strategies In North America," Agricultural Economics Reports 23278, North Dakota State University, Department of Agribusiness and Applied Economics.
  8. Dahl, Bruce L. & Wilson, William W., 1997. "Factors Affecting The Supply Of Quality Spring Wheats: Comparisons Between The United States And Canada," Agricultural Economics Reports 23218, North Dakota State University, Department of Agribusiness and Applied Economics.
  9. Dahl, Bruce L. & Wilson, William W., 1997. "Factors Affecting The Supply Of Quality Spring Wheats: Comparisons Between The United States And Canada; Summary," Agricultural Economics Reports 23472, North Dakota State University, Department of Agribusiness and Applied Economics.

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