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Dimensions Of Conflict And The Role Of Foreign Aid In Fiji

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  • Gounder, Rukmani
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    Abstract

    As diversity is the strength for economic growth quality domestic institutions and good governance are some of the essential factors to achieve sustainable growth and maintain social stability and harmony. Therefore, necessary social, economic, political and institutional dynamics contribute to higher growth prospects and mitigate conflict in a multi-cultural society. Since the 1987 military coups some of the issues that have confronted the people of Fiji, and others, co-integrate with ethnicity, political instability, conflict and governance. This article links these issues and evaluates the characteristics and factors associated with the dimensions of conflict. In particular, the study highlights the nature and impact of conflict on the civil society and growth. With several crises and instabilities in Fiji, the outcomes of strategic ethnic and distributive conflicts have created new opportunities in inequality in power and resources. The absence of land rights itself is central to the problem where the livelihood of communities are threatened and conflict arises with insecurity. What role can foreign aid play to achieve stability and avoid ethnic conflict for growth? The paper highlights these global issues and a need for a system-wide approach to address conflict and peace. The paper further discusses the use of aid for conflict settlement, growth and development, and the policy implications for Fiji.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Massey University, Department of Applied and International Economics in its series Discussion Papers with number 23699.

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    Date of creation: 2005
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    Handle: RePEc:ags:masddp:23699

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    Keywords: Conflict; Aid; Donor Approaches; Fiji; International Development;

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    1. Easterly, William, 2000. "Can institutions resolve ethnic conflict ?," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2482, The World Bank.
    2. Dani Rodrik, 1998. "Where Did All The Growth Go? External Shocks, Social Conflict, and Growth Collapses," NBER Working Papers 6350, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    3. Stephen Knack & Philip Keefer, 1995. "Institutions And Economic Performance: Cross-Country Tests Using Alternative Institutional Measures," Economics and Politics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 7(3), pages 207-227, November.
    4. Easterly, William & Levine, Ross, 1997. "Africa's Growth Tragedy: Policies and Ethnic Divisions," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 112(4), pages 1203-50, November.
    5. Agosin, Manuel R., 2001. "Global Integration and Growth in Honduras and Nicaragua," Working Paper Series UNU-WIDER Research Paper , World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
    6. Clague, Christopher & Keefer, Philip & Knack, Stephen & Olson, Mancur, 1996. "Property and Contract Rights in Autocracies and Democracies," MPRA Paper 25720, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    7. Gounder, Rukmani, 1999. "The Political Economy of Development: Empirical Evidence from Fiji," Economic Analysis and Policy (EAP), Queensland University of Technology (QUT), School of Economics and Finance, vol. 29(2), pages 133-150.
    8. Clague, Christopher, et al, 1996. " Property and Contract Rights in Autocracies and Democracies," Journal of Economic Growth, Springer, vol. 1(2), pages 243-76, June.
    9. Alvey, James E., 2004. "Context And Its Relevance For Adam Smith'S Theological And Teleological Views, The Foundation Of His System Of Thought," Discussion Papers 23715, Massey University, Department of Applied and International Economics.
    10. Nelson, Michael A & Singh, Ram D, 1998. "Democracy, Economic Freedom, Fiscal Policy, and Growth in LDCs: A Fresh Look," Economic Development and Cultural Change, University of Chicago Press, vol. 46(4), pages 677-96, July.
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