Transaction costs and transaction benefits associated with the process of PGI/PDO registration in Austria
AbstractSince 1992, the European Union protects names of regional foods as Protected Designation of Origin (PDO) or Protected Geographical Indication (PGI). Besides direct benefits such as higher prices or the protection from unfair competition, researchers and rural development agents emphasize the indirect benefits resulting from an intensified interaction of producers, processers and retailers during the registration process. Based on a comparative case study in Austria, this paper analyses the relation of transaction costs and transaction benefits associated with the registration process of two PGIs. Whereas one case was based on extensive outsourcing to a private consultancy (for just under 50,000 Euro + 160 working hours invested by the producers over 3.5 years), the other one was mostly the result of extensive personal contributions of the regional producer group (2,000 hours over ten years) who were assisted by the state extension services (Chamber of Agriculture, additional 1,000 work hours). The comparative case study does not give any indication that outsourcing necessarily bears the risk of diminishing indirect benefits, such as social capital building, intensified co-operations with other rural sectors, higher awareness of and compliance with quality standards. This does not mean that there is no positive relation between transaction costs and transaction benefits but it emphasizes that there are more and less efficient processes.
Download InfoIf you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.
Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by European Association of Agricultural Economists in its series 116th Seminar, October 27-30, 2010, Parma, Italy with number 95213.
Date of creation: 27 Oct 2010
Date of revision:
transaction costs; registration process; Protected Geographical Indication; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Labor and Human Capital;
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
- McCann, Laura & Colby, Bonnie & Easter, K. William & Kasterine, Alexander & Kuperan, K.V., 2005. "Transaction cost measurement for evaluating environmental policies," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 52(4), pages 527-542, March.
- Benner, Eckhard & Profeta, Adriano & Wirsig, Alexander, 2008. "Die Eu-Übergangsregelung Zum Herkunftsschutz Bei Agrarprodukten Und Lebensmitteln Aus Dem Blickwinkel Der Transaktions- Und Der Informationsökonomie," 48th Annual Conference, Bonn, Germany, September 24-26, 2008 52644, German Association of Agricultural Economists (GEWISOLA).
- Katherine Falconer & Pierre Dupraz & Martin Whitby, 2001. "An Investigation of Policy Administrative Costs Using Panel Data for the English Environmentally Sensitive Areas," Journal of Agricultural Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 52(1), pages 83-103.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (AgEcon Search).
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.