Advanced Search
MyIDEAS: Login to save this paper or follow this series

Analisis del sistema Mexicano de investigacion agropecuaria

Contents:

Author Info

  • Ekboir, Javier M.
  • Espinosa Garcia, Jose Antonio
  • Espinoza Arellano, Jose de Jesus
  • Moctezuma Lopez, Georgel
  • Naranjo, Alfredo Tapia
Registered author(s):

    Abstract

    En la d�cada del 90, el sector agropecuario mexicano gener� alrededor del 5% del PBI y el 2.5% de las exportaciones. A pesar de su reducida contribuci�n al PBI, el sector agropecuario tiene una gran importancia econ�mica y social como generador de empleos (un 25% del empleo total), por su influencia sobre el costo de vida, la prevalencia de la pobreza rural (m�s del 75% de la poblaci�n pobre y m�s del 50% de los que viven en pobreza extrema habitan en zonas rurales) y porque las exportaciones agropecuarias constituyen una fuente de ingreso importante para varias regiones, especialmente las zonas irrigadas del norte y centro del pa�s. Desde la d�cada del 70, algunos productores agropecuarios mexicanos, especialmente los que se integraron a cadenas exportadoras, pudieron incorporar tecnolog�as de punta que han sido la base de su competitividad. Pero, en general, estas tecnolog�as no fueron desarrolladas por las instituciones p�blicas de investigaci�n sino que fueron importadas o desarrolladas por empresas privadas mexicanas. Las instituciones p�blicas de investigaci�n fueron creadas para proporcionar apoyo t�cnico a las pol�ticas de desarrollo agropecuario. Por esta raz�n, las autoridades de estas instituciones manten�an contactos fluidos con las dependencias gubernamentales de las que depend�an, pero sus interacciones con agricultores y empresas ligadas al sector eran d�biles. En general, esta estructura jer�rquica se reproduc�a dentro de las instituciones y en sus relaciones con los agricultores. A partir de la d�cada del 90, M�xico ha hecho un esfuerzo importante para reformar su sistema p�blico de investigaci�n. Los cambios incluyeron nuevos incentivos para los investigadores establecidos por las principales instituciones financiadoras. Sin embargo, las reformas dentro de las propias instituciones han avanzado a paso lento, especialmente los incentivos para incrementar las interacciones con otros agentes dentro del sistema de innovaci�n agropecuario a�n no se han adecuado a las necesidades de un sector integrado a la econom�a mundial.

    Download Info

    If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.
    File URL: http://purl.umn.edu/7684
    Download Restriction: no

    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by CIMMYT: International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center in its series Economics Working Papers with number 7684.

    as in new window
    Length:
    Date of creation: 2003
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:ags:cimmew:7684

    Contact details of provider:
    Postal: Apdo. Postal 6-641, 06600 Mexico, D.F.
    Phone: +52(55) 5804-2004
    Fax: +52(55) 5804-7558
    Web page: http://www.cimmyt.org/
    More information through EDIRC

    Related research

    Keywords: Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies;

    References

    References listed on IDEAS
    Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
    as in new window
    1. Huffman, Wallace & Just, Richard E., 2000. "Setting Efficient Incentives for Agricultural Research: Lessons from Principal-Agent Theory," Staff General Research Papers 5040, Iowa State University, Department of Economics.
    2. J. Edward Taylor & Antonio Yunez-Naude & George Dyer, 1999. "Agricultural Price Policy, Employment, and Migration in a Diversified Rural Economy: A Village-Town CGE Analysis from Mexico," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 81(3), pages 653-662.
    3. Calvin, Linda & Barrios, Veronica, 1999. "Marketing Winter Vegetables From Mexico," Journal of Food Distribution Research, Food Distribution Research Society, vol. 30(1), March.
    4. Casas, Rosalba & de Gortari, Rebeca & Santos, Ma. Josefa, 2000. "The building of knowledge spaces in Mexico: a regional approach to networking," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 29(2), pages 225-241, February.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Citations

    Lists

    This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:ags:cimmew:7684. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (AgEcon Search).

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

    If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.