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How do African households adapt to climate change? Evidence from Malawi

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  • Cook, Aaron M.
  • Ricker-Gilbert, Jacob E.
  • Sesmero, Juan P.
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    Abstract

    We use three waves of national representative household level panel data from Malawi to employ a structural model to estimate how households make land and labor allocation decisions in response to climate change. We first model the allocation of land to improved maize varieties as a function of precipitation history, input and output prices, household characteristics and extension advice and then estimate the welfare benefits associated with this decision in a household net income equation. This second stage also reveals the extent to which the household shift labor off-farm as total growing season precipitation fluctuates. We find that a 1% increase in intra-seasonal precipitation variability reduces household income by 1.5%. This effect falls to 1.3% after we account for the expected adjustment in improved maize adoption.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Agricultural and Applied Economics Association in its series 2013 Annual Meeting, August 4-6, 2013, Washington, D.C. with number 150507.

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    Date of creation: 2013
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    Handle: RePEc:ags:aaea13:150507

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    Keywords: Consumer/Household Economics; Environmental Economics and Policy; International Relations/Trade;

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    4. Salvatore Di Falco & Mahmud Yesuf & Gunnar Kohlin & Claudia Ringler, 2012. "Estimating the Impact of Climate Change on Agriculture in Low-Income Countries: Household Level Evidence from the Nile Basin, Ethiopia," Environmental & Resource Economics, European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, vol. 52(4), pages 457-478, August.
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    7. Maddison, David, 2007. "The perception of and adaptation to climate change in Africa," Policy Research Working Paper Series 4308, The World Bank.
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    12. Mwangi, Wilfred & Mwabu, Germano & Nyangito, Hezron Omare, 2006. "Does Adoption of Improved Maize Varieties Reduce Poverty? Evidence from Kenya," 2006 Annual Meeting, August 12-18, 2006, Queensland, Australia 25376, International Association of Agricultural Economists.
    13. Deressa, Temesgen Tadesse & Ringler, Claudia & Hassan, Rashid M., 2010. "Factors affecting the choices of coping strategies for climate extremes: The case of farmers in the Nile Basin of Ethiopia," IFPRI discussion papers 1032, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
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    16. Apata, Temidayo Gabriel & Samuel, K.D. & Adeola, A.O., 2009. "Analysis of Climate Change Perception and Adaptation among Arable Food Crop Farmers in South Western Nigeria," 2009 Conference, August 16-22, 2009, Beijing, China 51365, International Association of Agricultural Economists.
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    19. Morris, Michael L. & Tripp, Robert & Dankyi, A.A., 1999. "Adoption and Impacts of Improved Maize Production Technology: A Case Study of the Ghana Grains Development Project," Economics Program Papers 48767, CIMMYT: International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center.
    20. Feder, Gershon & Just, Richard E & Zilberman, David, 1985. "Adoption of Agricultural Innovations in Developing Countries: A Survey," Economic Development and Cultural Change, University of Chicago Press, vol. 33(2), pages 255-98, January.
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