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International Pork Trade and Foot-and-Mouth Disease

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  • Yang, Shang-Ho
  • Reed, Michael R.
  • Saghaian, Sayed H.
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    Abstract

    International pork trade has not only been influenced by trade agreements but also altered by consumer perceptions on disease-infected animals. This study uses a gravity model with fixed-effects to investigate how pork trade is affected by foot-and-mouth disease among 186 countries. Results confirm that pork export falls when an exporting country develops FMD. Exporters with a vaccination policy have larger negative impacts than those with a slaughter policy. Further, pork importers that develop FMD and institute a slaughter policy will import more pork, but importers with a vaccination policy import the same level of pork. In order to retain a position as a top pork exporter, a slaughter policy is often a better choice than a vaccination policy.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Agricultural and Applied Economics Association in its series 2012 Annual Meeting, August 12-14, 2012, Seattle, Washington with number 124356.

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    Date of creation: 2012
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    Handle: RePEc:ags:aaea12:124356

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    Keywords: foot-and-mouth disease; pork exports; regional trade agreement; gravity model; zero-valued trade.; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; International Relations/Trade; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods; C52; Q17; Q18;

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