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Grandes Esperanzas (o cuando creérselo es relevante)

In: Investigaciones de Economía de la Educación 6

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Author Info

  • José Joaquín García Clavel

    ()
    (Universidad de Murcia)

  • Ildefonso Méndez Martínez

    ()
    (Universidad de Murcia)

Abstract

Son numerosas las encuestas en las que se pregunta por las expectativas que los encuestados tienen sobre determinados acontecimientos futuros o incluso se les pide que predigan su comportamiento en el futuro. Estudios previos han demostrado que la expectativas individuales contienen información relevante no disponible en las variables objetivas habitualmente utilizadas como regresores. Expectativas no sólo de los alumnos sino también de su entorno: familia y profesores. Es bien conocido, por ejemplo, el efecto Pigmalion descrito por Rosenthal y Jacobson en 1968, que muestra el efecto que tienen las expectivas de los profesores en el rendimiento de los estudiantes. En este trabajo, usando la información contenida en PISA 2009, pretendemos cuantificar la relevancia de las expectativas individuales en el análisis de los determinantes del rendimiento educativo. Estudiaremos el poder explicativo que las expectativas de los estudiantes sobre el nivel de estudios que, como máximo, esperan completar tienen a la hora de explicar su rendimiento escolar presente. Asimismo, analizaremos los determinantes individuales, familiares y del entorno de las expectativas sobre nivel educativo futuro y contrastaremos la endogeneidad de las expectativas en la determinación del rendimiento escolar.

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Bibliographic Info

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This chapter was published in:

  • Antonio Caparrós Ruiz (ed.), 2011. "Investigaciones de Economía de la Educación," E-books Investigaciones de Economía de la Educación, Asociación de Economía de la Educación, edition 1, volume 6, number 06, 9.
    This item is provided by Asociación de Economía de la Educación in its series Investigaciones de Economía de la Educación volume 6 with number 06-03.

    Handle: RePEc:aec:ieed06:06-03

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    Web page: http://www.economicsofeducation.com
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    Related research

    Keywords: Pygmalion effect; multilevel; PISA 2009; Expectativas;

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    1. Michael D. Hurd & Kathleen McGarry, 2002. "The Predictive Validity of Subjective Probabilities of Survival," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 112(482), pages 966-985, October.
    2. Paul O'Brien & Wojciech Paczynski, 2006. "Poland's Education and Training: Boosting and Adapting Human Capital," OECD Economics Department Working Papers 495, OECD Publishing.
    3. Bernheim, B Douglas & Levin, Lawrence, 1989. "Social Security and Personal Saving: An Analysis of Expectations," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 79(2), pages 97-102, May.
    4. David Campbell & Alan Carruth & Andrew Dickerson & Francis Green, 2007. "Job insecurity and wages," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 117(518), pages 544-566, 03.
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