Advanced Search
MyIDEAS: Login to save this article or follow this journal

Child protective intervention in the context of welfare reform: The effects of work and welfare on maltreatment reports


Author Info

  • Kristen Shook Slack

    (School of Social Work, University of Wisconsin-Madison)

  • Jane L. Holl
  • Bong Joo Lee

    (Department of Social Welfare, Seoul National University)

  • Marla McDaniel

    (Institute for Policy Research, Northwestern University)

  • Lisa Altenbernd

    (Institute for Policy Research, Northwestern University)

  • Amy Bush Stevens

    (Institute for Policy Research, Northwestern University)

Registered author(s):


    Recent changes in welfare policy have produced changes in parental work and welfare receipt. These factors are assessed in relation to investigated reports of child abuse and neglect using survey data on 1998 welfare recipients in nine Illinois counties, in conjunction with longitudinal administrative data on cash welfare benefits, employment, and child abuse and neglect reports. Trend analyses show that rates of child maltreatment reports among welfare recipients have risen since the passage of PRWORA in 1996. Findings from multivariate analyses indicate that parental employment has a protective effect on reports to child protection systems (CPS), that this effect is greatest when combined with welfare receipt, and that this effect becomes stronger over time. Those who receive welfare in the absence of employment face a significantly greater risk of CPS involvement, even compared with those who neither work nor receive welfare. © 2003 by the Association for Public Policy Analysis and Management

    Download Info

    If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.
    File URL:
    File Function: Link to full text; subscription required
    Download Restriction: no

    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. in its journal Journal of Policy Analysis and Management.

    Volume (Year): 22 (2003)
    Issue (Month): 4 ()
    Pages: 517-536

    as in new window
    Handle: RePEc:wly:jpamgt:v:22:y:2003:i:4:p:517-536

    Contact details of provider:
    Web page:

    Related research



    References listed on IDEAS
    Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
    as in new window
    1. Sandra K. Danziger & Mary Corcoran & Sheldon Danziger & Colleen M. Heflin & Ariel Kalil & Judith Levine & Daniel Rosen & Kristin S. Seefeldt & Kristine Siefert & Richard M. Tolman, 1999. "Barriers to the Employment of Welfare Recipients," JCPR Working Papers, Northwestern University/University of Chicago Joint Center for Poverty Research 90, Northwestern University/University of Chicago Joint Center for Poverty Research.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)


    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.
    as in new window

    Cited by:
    1. Han, Wen-Jui & Huang, Chien-Chung & Williams, Margaret, 2013. "The role of parental work schedule in CPS involvement," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 35(5), pages 837-847.
    2. McDaniel, Marla, 2006. "In the eye of the beholder: The role of reporters in bringing families to the attention of child protective services," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 28(3), pages 306-324, March.
    3. Wells, Kathleen & Guo, Shenyang, 2006. "Welfare reform and child welfare outcomes: A multiple-cohort study," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 28(8), pages 941-960, August.
    4. Millett, Lina & Lanier, Paul & Drake, Brett, 2011. "Are economic trends associated with child maltreatment? Preliminary results from the recent recession using state level data," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 33(7), pages 1280-1287, July.
    5. Beimers, David & Coulton, Claudia J., 2011. "Do employment and type of exit influence child maltreatment among families leaving Temporary Assistance for Needy Families?," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 33(7), pages 1112-1119, July.
    6. Dworsky, Amy & Courtney, Mark E. & Zinn, Andrew, 2007. "Child, parent, and family predictors of child welfare services involvement among TANF applicant families," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 29(6), pages 802-820, June.
    7. Palley, Elizabeth & Shdaimah, Corey, 2011. "Child care policy: A need for greater advocacy," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 33(7), pages 1159-1165, July.


    This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.


    Access and download statistics


    When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:wly:jpamgt:v:22:y:2003:i:4:p:517-536. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Wiley-Blackwell Digital Licensing) or (Christopher F. Baum).

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

    If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.