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Convergence of per capita incomes and agricultural productivity in Africa

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Author Info

  • Angela Lusigi

    (Department of Agricultural and Food Economics, University of Reading, UK)

  • Jenifer Piesse

    (Department of Management, Birkbeck College, University of London, UK)

  • Colin Thirtle

    (Department of Agricultural and Food Economics, University of Reading, UK)

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    Abstract

    This study is an investigation of convergence in per capita incomes and total factor productivity (TFP) for agriculture in the African continent. The concept of convergence, which is a basic prediction of the neoclassical growth model, has been shown to have considerable explanatory power. Here, the hypotheses of absolute and conditional convergence are tested for incomes and agricultural TFP using a panel of data for 32 African countries. Two methods of testing for convergence are applied. Both show that for this sample, conditional &bgr; convergence holds for the two growth measures and that education and investment appear to be the most important conditioning variables. © 1998 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. in its journal Journal of International Development.

    Volume (Year): 10 (1998)
    Issue (Month): 1 ()
    Pages: 105-115

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    Handle: RePEc:wly:jintdv:v:10:y:1998:i:1:p:105-115

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    Web page: http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/journal/5102/home

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    References

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    1. Glaeser, Edward Ludwig & Kallal, Hedi D. & Scheinkman, Jose A. & Shleifer, Andrei, 1992. "Growth in Cities," Scholarly Articles 3451309, Harvard University Department of Economics.
    2. Lucas, Robert Jr., 1988. "On the mechanics of economic development," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 22(1), pages 3-42, July.
    3. Savvides, Andreas, 1995. "Economic growth in Africa," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 23(3), pages 449-458, March.
    4. Quah, Danny, 1997. "Empirics for Growth and Distribution: Stratification, Polarization, and Convergence Clubs," CEPR Discussion Papers 1586, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    5. Romer, Paul M., 1989. "What determines the rate of growth and technological change?," Policy Research Working Paper Series 279, The World Bank.
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    Cited by:
    1. Thirtle, Colin & Piesse, Jenifer & Lusigi, Angela & Suhariyanto, Kecuk, 2003. "Multi-factor agricultural productivity, efficiency and convergence in Botswana, 1981-1996," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 71(2), pages 605-624, August.
    2. Magalhaes, Eduardo & Diao, Xinshen, 2009. "Productivity convergence in Brazil: The case of grain production," IFPRI discussion papers 857, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
    3. Murthy, N. R. Vasudeva & Ukpolo, Victor, 1999. "A test of the conditional convergence hypothesis: econometric evidence from African countries," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 65(2), pages 249-253, November.
    4. Lusigi, Angela & McDonald, Scott & Roberts, Jennifer R. & Thirtle, Colin G., 2000. "Is African agriculture converging? Evidence from a panel of crop yields," Agrekon, Agricultural Economics Association of South Africa (AEASA), vol. 39(1), March.
    5. Juan Carlos Odar Zagaceta, 2002. "Convergencia y polarización. El caso Peruano: 1961 - 1996," Estudios de Economia, University of Chile, Department of Economics, vol. 29(1 Year 20), pages 47-70, June.

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