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Convergencia y polarización. El caso Peruano: 1961 - 1996

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  • Juan Carlos Odar Zagaceta

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    Abstract

    Según la Teoría Neoclásica de Crecimiento, distintas economías convergen a un mismo nivel de estado estacionario, una vez que se ha controlado por las tasas de ahorro, depreciación y crecimiento de la población. Si se controla por otras variables, la convergencia que se haya encontrado sería condicional,no absoluta. Si las economías con que se trabaja son regiones al interior de un país, a largo plazo todas deberían llegar a un mismo estado estacionario. El trabajo evalúa si en el Perú, con una geografía muy accidentada, la convergencia es condicional a variables geográficas. La evidencia encontrada sugiere que, debido a aspectos geográficos, los departamentos del Perú siguen dinámicas distintas entre sí y que en el país coexisten al menos dos regímenes económicos que convergen a diferentes estados estacionarios.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by University of Chile, Department of Economics in its journal Estudios de Economia.

    Volume (Year): 29 (2002)
    Issue (Month): 1 Year 2002 (June)
    Pages: 47-70

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    Handle: RePEc:udc:esteco:v:29:y:2002:i:1:p:47-70

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    Web page: http://www.econ.uchile.cl/
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    Related research

    Keywords: Conditional convergence; growth; geography; thresholds.;

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    1. Quah, Danny, 1997. "Empirics for Growth and Distribution: Stratification, Polarization, and Convergence Clubs," CEPR Discussion Papers 1586, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    2. Robert J. Barro & Xavier Sala-i-Martin, 1991. "Convergence across States and Regions," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Economic Studies Program, The Brookings Institution, vol. 22(1), pages 107-182.
    3. Cannon, Edmund S & Duck, Nigel W, 2000. "Galton's Fallacy and Economic Convergence," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 52(2), pages 415-19, April.
    4. Sala-i-martin, X., 1995. "The Classical Approach to Convergence Analysis," Papers 734, Yale - Economic Growth Center.
    5. Quah, Danny, 1993. "Galton's Fallacy and Tests of the Convergence Hypothesis," CEPR Discussion Papers 820, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    6. Lucas, Robert Jr., 1988. "On the mechanics of economic development," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 22(1), pages 3-42, July.
    7. Romulo A. Chumacero, 2002. "Absolute Convergence, Period," Computing in Economics and Finance 2002 218, Society for Computational Economics.
    8. J. Bradford De Long, . "Productivity Growth, Convergence, and Welfare: Comment," J. Bradford De Long's Working Papers _129, University of California at Berkeley, Economics Department.
    9. Danny Quah, 1996. "Convergence as Distribution Dynamics (with or without Growth)," CEP Discussion Papers dp0317, Centre for Economic Performance, LSE.
    10. N. Gregory Mankiw & David Romer & David N. Weil, 1990. "A Contribution to the Empirics of Economic Growth," NBER Working Papers 3541, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    11. Robert E. Hall & Charles I. Jones, . "Levels of Economic Activity across Countries," Working Papers 97001, Stanford University, Department of Economics.
    12. Angela Lusigi & Jenifer Piesse & Colin Thirtle, 1998. "Convergence of per capita incomes and agricultural productivity in Africa," Journal of International Development, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 10(1), pages 105-115.
    13. Barro, Robert J & Sala-i-Martin, Xavier, 1992. "Convergence," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 100(2), pages 223-51, April.
    14. Quah, Danny T, 1997. " Empirics for Growth and Distribution: Stratification, Polarization, and Convergence Clubs," Journal of Economic Growth, Springer, vol. 2(1), pages 27-59, March.
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