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Childcare, Eldercare, and Labor Force Participation of Married Women in Urban China, 1982–2000

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Author Info

  • Margaret Maurer-Fazio
  • Rachel Connelly
  • Lan Chen
  • Lixin Tang

Abstract

We employ Chinese population census data to consider married, urban women’s labor force participation decisions in the context of their families. We find that the presence in the household of a parent, parent-in-law, or person aged 75 or older increases prime-age women’s likelihood of participating in market work. The presence of preschool-aged children decreases it. The negative effect on women’s labor force participation of having young children in the household is substantially larger for married, rural-to-urban migrants than for their nonmigrant counterparts. Similarly, the positive effect of coresidence with elders is larger for rural-to-urban migrant women than for nonmigrants.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by University of Wisconsin Press in its journal Journal of Human Resources.

Volume (Year): 46 (2011)
Issue (Month): 2 ()
Pages: 261-294

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Handle: RePEc:uwp:jhriss:v:46:y:2011:ii:1:p:261-294

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Cited by:
  1. Jacek Rothert & Amanda Michaud, 2011. "Optimal Borrowing Constraints and Growth in a Small Open Economy," Department of Economics Working Papers 130225, The University of Texas at Austin, Department of Economics, revised Feb 2013.
  2. C. Y. Cyrus Chu & Seik Kim & Wen-Jen Tsay, 2011. "Coresidence with Husband's Parents, Labor Supply, and Duration to First Birth," IEAS Working Paper : academic research 11-A005, Institute of Economics, Academia Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan, revised Jul 2012.
  3. Christine Ho, 2013. "Grandchild Care, Intergenerational Transfers, and Grandparents’ Labor Supply," Working Papers 06-2013, Singapore Management University, School of Economics.
  4. Giles, John T. & Wang, Dewen & Cai, Wei, 2011. "The Labor Supply and Retirement Behavior of China's Older Workers and Elderly in Comparative Perspective," IZA Discussion Papers 6088, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  5. Vinod Mishra & Russell Smyth, 2012. "Work Hours in Chinese Enterprises: Evidence From Matched Employer-Employee Data," Development Research Unit Working Paper Series 10-12, Monash University, Department of Economics.
  6. Karaoglan, Deniz & Okten, Cagla, 2012. "Labor Force Participation of Married Women in Turkey: Is There an Added or a Discouraged Worker Effect?," IZA Discussion Papers 6616, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  7. He, Xiaobo & Zhu, Rong, 2013. "Fertility and Female Labor Force Participation: Causal Evidence from Urban China," MPRA Paper 44552, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  8. Drinkwater, Stephen, 2011. "Informal Caring and Labour Market Outcomes Within England and Wales," IZA Discussion Papers 5877, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  9. Paula Albuquerque & José Passos, 2010. "Grandparents and women's participation in the labor market," Working Papers Department of Economics 2010/16, ISEG - School of Economics and Management, Department of Economics, University of Lisbon.
  10. Bjorn Gustafsson & Sai Ding, 2011. "Unemployment and the Rising Number of Non-Workers in Urban China: Causes and Distributional Consequences," University of Western Ontario, CIBC Centre for Human Capital and Productivity Working Papers 201117, University of Western Ontario, CIBC Centre for Human Capital and Productivity.

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