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Illiquid Banks, Financial Stability, and Interest Rate Policy

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  • Douglas W. Diamond
  • Raghuram G. Rajan

Abstract

Banks finance illiquid assets with demandable deposits, which discipline bankers but expose them to damaging runs. Authorities may not want to stand by and watch banks collapse. However, unconstrained direct bailouts undermine the disciplinary role of deposits. Moreover, competition forces banks to promise depositors more, increasing intervention and making the system worse off. By contrast, constrained central bank intervention to lower rates maintains private discipline, while offsetting contractual rigidity. It may still lead banks to make excessive liquidity promises. Anticipating this, central banks should raise rates in normal times to offset distortions from reducing rates in adverse times.

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File URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/full/10.1086/666669
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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by University of Chicago Press in its journal Journal of Political Economy.

Volume (Year): 120 (2012)
Issue (Month): 3 ()
Pages: 552 - 591

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Handle: RePEc:ucp:jpolec:doi:10.1086/666669

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  1. Freixas, X. & Martin, A. & Skeie, D., 2010. "Bank Liquidity, Interbank Markets, and Monetary Policy," Discussion Paper 2010-35S, Tilburg University, Center for Economic Research.
  2. Tobias Adrian & Hyun Song Shin, 2008. "Financial intermediaries, financial stability, and monetary policy," Staff Reports 346, Federal Reserve Bank of New York.
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Cited by:
  1. Agur, Itai & Demertzis, Maria, 2013. "“Leaning against the wind” and the timing of monetary policy," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 35(C), pages 179-194.
  2. Karl Aiginger, 2011. "Why Growth Performance Differed across Countries in the Recent Crisis: the Impact of Pre-crisis Conditions," Review of Economics & Finance, Better Advances Press, Canada, vol. 1, pages 35-52, August.
  3. Angela Maddalonia & Jose-Luis Peydro, 2013. "Monetary Policy, macroprudential Policy, and Banking Stability: Evidence from the Euro Area," International Journal of Central Banking, International Journal of Central Banking, vol. 9(1), pages 121-169, March.
  4. Giovanni Dell'Ariccia, 2012. "Property Prices and Bank Risk-taking," RBA Annual Conference Volume, in: Alexandra Heath & Frank Packer & Callan Windsor (ed.), Property Markets and Financial Stability Reserve Bank of Australia.
  5. Jin Cao & Gerhard Illing, 2012. ""Interest Rate Trap", or: Why Does the Central Bank Keep the Policy Rate too Low for too Long Time?," CESifo Working Paper Series 3794, CESifo Group Munich.
  6. Pierre-Richard Agénor & Luiz A. Pereira da Silva, 2013. "Inflation Targeting and Financial Stability: A Perspective from the Developing World," Working Papers Series 324, Central Bank of Brazil, Research Department.
  7. Aboura, Sofiane & Lépinette-Denis, Emmanuel, 2014. "An Alternative Model to Basel Regulation," Economics Papers from University Paris Dauphine 123456789/13633, Paris Dauphine University.
  8. Ryo Kato & Takayuki Tsuruga, 2011. "Bank Overleverage and Macroeconomic Fragility," IMES Discussion Paper Series 11-E-15, Institute for Monetary and Economic Studies, Bank of Japan.

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