Arbitraging a Discriminatory Labor Market: Black Workers at the Ford Motor Company, 19181947
AbstractThe 191847 employee records of the Ford Motor Company provide a rare opportunity to study a firm willing to hire black workers when similar firms would not. The evidence suggests that Ford did profit from discrimination elsewhere, but not by paying blacks less than whites. An apparent "wage-equity constraint" prevailed, resulting in virtually no racial variation in wages inside Ford. An implication was that blacks quit Ford jobs less often than whites, holding working conditions constant. Arbitrage profit came from exploiting this nonwage margin, as Ford placed blacks in hot, dangerous foundry jobs where quit rates were generally high.
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Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by University of Chicago Press in its journal Journal of Labor Economics.
Volume (Year): 21 (2003)
Issue (Month): 3 (July)
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Web page: http://www.journals.uchicago.edu/JOLE/
Other versions of this item:
- Christopher L. Foote & Warren C. Whatley & Gavin Wright, 1998. "Arbritraging a Discriminatory Labor Market: Black Workers at the Ford Motor Company, 1918-1947," Harvard Institute of Economic Research Working Papers 1819, Harvard - Institute of Economic Research.
- Christopher L. Foote & Warren C. Whatley & Gavin Wright, 2001. "Arbitraging a Discriminatory Labor Market: Black Workers at the Ford Motor Company, 1918-1947," Working Papers 01009, Stanford University, Department of Economics.
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- Depew, Briggs & Sorensen, Todd A., 2011. "Elasticity of Supply to the Firm and the Business Cycle," IZA Discussion Papers 5928, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
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