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Selection and Economic Gains in the Great Migration of African Americans: New Evidence from Linked Census Data

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  • William J. Collins
  • Marianne H. Wanamaker

Abstract

The onset of World War I spurred the “Great Migration” of African Americans from the U.S. South, arguably the most important internal migration in U.S. history. We create a new panel dataset of more than 5,000 men matched from the 1910 to 1930 census manuscripts to address three interconnected questions: To what extent was there selection into migration? How large were the migrants’ gains? Did migration narrow the racial gap in economic status? We find evidence of positive selection, but the migrants’ gains were large. A substantial amount of black-white convergence in this period is attributable to migration.

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Paper provided by National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc in its series NBER Working Papers with number 19124.

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Date of creation: Jun 2013
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Publication status: published as William J. Collins & Marianne H. Wanamaker, 2014. "Selection and Economic Gains in the Great Migration of African Americans: New Evidence from Linked Census Data," American Economic Journal: Applied Economics, American Economic Association, vol. 6(1), pages 220-52, January.
Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:19124

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