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Consumption Risk Sharing over the Business Cycle: The Role of Small Firms' Access to Credit Markets

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  • Mathias Hoffmann

    (University of Zurich and CESifo)

  • Iryna Shcherbakova-Stewen

    (University of Zurich)

Abstract

Consumption risk sharing among U.S. states increases in booms and decreases in recessions. These business cycle fluctuations in interstate risk sharing are driven mainly by states in which small businesses account for a large share of income or employment. State-level banking deregulation during the 1980s loosened the dependence of interstate risk sharing on the business cycle, mainly through its impact on states with many small firms. Our results establish a major benefit from bank deregulation: small firms' access to credit and, with it, interstate risk sharing have improved mainly when it is most urgently needed: in nationwide economic downturns. © 2011 The President and Fellows of Harvard College and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by MIT Press in its journal Review of Economics and Statistics.

Volume (Year): 93 (2011)
Issue (Month): 4 (November)
Pages: 1403-1416

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Handle: RePEc:tpr:restat:v:93:y:2011:i:4:p:1403-1416

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Markus Leibrecht & Johann Scharler, 2010. "Banks, Financial Markets and International Consumption Risk Sharing," Economics working papers 2010-15, Department of Economics, Johannes Kepler University Linz, Austria.
  2. Nitschka, Thomas, 2010. "Securitization, collateral constraints and consumption risk sharing in the euro area," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 106(3), pages 197-199, March.
  3. Teng Sun, Stephen & Yannelis, Constantine, 2013. "Credit Constraints and Demand for Higher Education: Evidence from Financial Deregulation," MPRA Paper 48726, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  4. Martin Halla & Johann Scharler, 2008. "Marriage, Divorce and Interstate Risk Sharing," Economics working papers 2008-16, Department of Economics, Johannes Kepler University Linz, Austria.
  5. Claudia M. Buch & T. Körner & B. Weigert, 2013. "Towards Deeper Financial Integration in Europe: What the Banking Union Can Contribute," IWH Discussion Papers 13, Halle Institute for Economic Research.
  6. Mathias Hoffmann & Thomas Nitschka, 2008. "Securitization of Mortgage Debt, Asset Prices and International Risk Sharing," IEW - Working Papers 376, Institute for Empirical Research in Economics - University of Zurich.
  7. Fratzscher, Marcel & Imbs, Jean, 2009. "Risk sharing, finance, and institutions in international portfolios," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 94(3), pages 428-447, December.
  8. Nitschka, Thomas, 2011. "Banking sectors' international interconnectedness: Implications for consumption risk sharing in Europe," Annual Conference 2011 (Frankfurt, Main): The Order of the World Economy - Lessons from the Crisis 48684, Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association.

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