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Targeting The Poor Beyond Gaza Or The West Bank: The Geography Of Poverty In The Palestinian Territories

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  • Claus ASTRUP

    (World Bank)

  • Sébastien DESSUS

    (World Bank)

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    Abstract

    Despite its very limited size, the West Bank and Gaza is characterized by a remarkable diverse topography, climate and vegetation. In addition, as a result of the political situation in the region, there are considerable impediment to the movements of goods and people. Consequently, significant spatial differences in living standard may be expected. In this paper, we construct a detailed poverty map of the West Bank and Gaza, by estimating the incidence of poverty in 132 distinct localities. We derive the estimates by combining econometric analysis of the Palestinian Households Budget Survey with information contained in the Palestinian Census from 1997. Our results suggest that the incidence of poverty indeed differs greatly across localities. This indicates that it may be efficient to base targeting of the poor on the geography of poverty in the West Bank and Gaza. Specifically, we show that geographic targeting compares favorably, in terms of low leakage rates, to targeting mechanisms based on observable characteristics of potential beneficiaries. We also illustrate that targeting efficiency may be further improved by combing the two types of targeting mechanisms.

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    File URL: http://region-developpement.univ-tln.fr/fr/pdf/R21/R21_dessus_astrup.pdf
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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Region et Developpement, LEAD, Universite du Sud - Toulon Var in its journal Region et Developpement.

    Volume (Year): 21 (2005)
    Issue (Month): ()
    Pages: 173-197

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    Handle: RePEc:tou:journl:v:21:y:2005:p:173-197

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    Related research

    Keywords: PALESTINIAN TERRITORIES; POVERTY; PALESTINIAN HOUSEHOLD SURVEY;

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    Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
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    1. Schady, Norbert R., 2000. "Picking the poor : indicators for geographic targeting in Peru," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2477, The World Bank.
    2. Jeffrey D. Sachs, 2000. "Tropical Underdevelopment," CID Working Papers 57, Center for International Development at Harvard University.
    3. Chris Elbers & Jean O. Lanjouw & Peter Lanjouw, 2003. "Micro--Level Estimation of Poverty and Inequality," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 71(1), pages 355-364, January.
    4. Besley, Timothy & Coate, Stephen, 1992. "Workfare versus Welfare Incentive Arguments for Work Requirements in Poverty-Alleviation Programs," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 82(1), pages 249-61, March.
    5. Ravallion, Martin & Wodon, Quentin, 1997. "Poor areas, or only poor people?," Policy Research Working Paper Series 1798, The World Bank.
    6. Wodon, Quentin T., 1997. "Targeting the poor using ROC curves," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 25(12), pages 2083-2092, December.
    7. Minot, Nicholas, 2000. "Generating Disaggregated Poverty Maps: An Application to Vietnam," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 28(2), pages 319-331, February.
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