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Regional Imbalances and Market Potential in Brazil

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  • Pedro Amaral
  • Mauro Lemos
  • Rodrigo Sim�es
  • Fl�via Chein

Abstract

Abstract This paper estimates the effects of market potential on regional wage imbalances between Brazilian municipalities. Using data from the 1980, 1991 and 2000 Brazilian Census, which render 3,630 comparable municipality areas, we estimate the NEG's wage equation using a spatial panel data model accounting for endogeneity. Our results show new evidence of a strong relationship between market potential and wages, indicating that regional attributes, as well as individual, are correlated with wages and their regional disparities. Inégalités régionales et potentiel commercial au Brésil RÉSUMÉ La présente communication évalue les effets du potentiel commercial des inégalités salariales régionales entre différentes municipalités au Brésil. Sur la base de données extraites des recensements effectués en 1980, 1991 et 2000 au Brésil, permettant de comparer 3,630 municipalités, nous sommes en mesure d'estimer l’équation salariale de NEG en utilisant un modèle de données de panel spatial, en tenant compte de l'endogénéité. Nos résultats fournissent de nouvelles informations sur l'existence de rapports étroits entre le potentiel commercial et les salaires, indiquant la corrélation entre les attributs, tant régionaux qu'individuels, et les salaires ainsi que leurs disparités régionales. Desequilibrios regionales y potencial de mercado en Brasil EXTRACTO Este trabajo estima los efectos del potencial de mercado sobre los desequilibrios salariales regionales entre municipalidades brasileñas. Utilizando datos extraídos de los censos brasileños de 1980, 1991 y 2000, que incluyen 3630 áreas municipales comparables, estimamos la ecuación salarial de NEG empleando un modelo espacial de datos de panel que tiene en cuenta la endogeneidad. Nuestros resultados muestran nueva evidencia de una fuerte relación entre el potencial de mercado y los salarios, indicando que los atributos regionales, así como los individuales, se correlacionan con los salarios y sus disparidades regionales.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Spatial Economic Analysis.

Volume (Year): 5 (2010)
Issue (Month): 4 ()
Pages: 463-482

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Handle: RePEc:taf:specan:v:5:y:2010:i:4:p:463-482

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Related research

Keywords: Regional imbalances; market potential; New Economic Geography; Brazil; J31; R12;

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References

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  1. Arellano, Manuel & Bond, Stephen, 1991. "Some Tests of Specification for Panel Data: Monte Carlo Evidence and an Application to Employment Equations," Review of Economic Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 58(2), pages 277-97, April.
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  7. Hanson, G.H., 1999. "`Market Potential, Increasing Returns, and Geographic Concentration," Working Papers 439, Research Seminar in International Economics, University of Michigan.
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  13. Bernard Fingleton, 2008. "A generalized method of moments estimator for a spatial model with moving average errors, with application to real estate prices," Empirical Economics, Springer, vol. 34(1), pages 35-57, February.
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Cited by:
  1. Bernard FINGLETON & Silvia PALOMBI, 2013. "The Wage Curve Reconsidered: Is It Truly An 'Empirical Law Of Economics'?," Region et Developpement, Region et Developpement, LEAD, Universite du Sud - Toulon Var, vol. 38, pages 49-92.

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