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Effects of Interactions among Social Capital, Income and Learning from Experiences of Natural Disasters: A Case Study from Japan

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  • Eiji Yamamura

Abstract

Yamamura E. Effects of interactions among social capital, income and learning from experiences of natural disasters: a case study from Japan, Regional Studies. This paper explores how and the extent to which social capital has an effect on the damage resulting from natural disasters. It also examines whether the experience of a natural disaster affects individual and collective protection against future disasters. There are three major findings. (1) Social capital reduces the damage caused by natural disasters. (2) The risk of a natural disaster makes people more apt to cooperate and, therefore, social capital is more effective to prevent disasters. (3) Income is an important factor for reducing damage, but hardly influences it when the scale of a disaster is small. [image omitted] Yamamura E. L'effet de l'interaction entre le capital social, le revenu, et l'apprentissage des experiences des desastres naturels: etude de cas du Japon, Regional Studies. Cet article cherche a examiner comment et jusqu'a quel point le capital social a un effet sur les degats qui resultent des desastres naturels. On examine aussi si, oui ou non, l'experience d'un desastre naturel touche la protection individuelle et collective contre les desastres futurs. On en a tire trois conclusions importantes. (1) Le capital social reduit les degats dus aux desastres naturels. (2) La menace d'un desastre naturel rend les gens plus susceptibles de cooperer et, par la suite, le capital social s'avere plus efficace pour empecher les desastres. (3) Le revenu est important pour la reduction des degats, mais n'est guere important au moment ou l'echelle du desastre est faible. Capital social Apprentissage Desastre naturel Yamamura E. Die Effekte von Wechselwirkungen zwischen Sozialkapital, Einkommen und Lernen aus den Erfahrungen von Naturkatastrophen: Eine Fallstudie aus Japan, Regional Studies. In diesem Beitrag wird analysiert, wie und in welchem Ausmass sich Sozialkapital auf den Schaden durch Naturkatastrophen auswirkt. Ebenso wird untersucht, ob sich die Erfahrung einer Naturkatastrophe auf den individuellen und kollektiven Schutz vor kunftigen Katastrophen auswirkt. Im Wesentlichen gibt es hierbei drei Ergebnisse. (1) Das Sozialkapital verringert den Schaden durch Naturkatastrophen. (2) Das Risiko einer Naturkatastrophe erhoht die Bereitschaft zur Zusammenarbeit, weshalb das Sozialkapital starker zur Pravention von Katastrophen beitragen kann. (3) Das Einkommen stellt einen wichtigen Faktor zur Verringerung von Schaden dar, hat aber kaum einen Einfluss darauf, wenn der Umfang der Katastrophe gering ausfallt. Sozialkapital Lernen Naturkatastrophen Yamamura E. Efectos de las interacciones entre el capital social, los ingresos y las lecciones aprendidas de desastres naturales: estudio del caso de Japon, Regional Studies. En este articulo analizamos como y en que medida tiene el capital social un efecto en los danos causados por desastres naturales. Tambien examinados si la experiencia de un desastre natural afecta a la proteccion individual y colectiva contra futuros desastres. En general, existen tres resultados principales. (1) El capital social reduce el dano causado por desastres naturales. (2) El riesgo de un desastre natural aumenta la predisposicion de las personas a cooperar y, por tanto, el capital social es mas eficaz para prevenir desastres. (3) Los ingresos representan un factor importante a la hora de reducir los danos pero apenas influyen cuando la escala de un desastre es pequena. Capital social Lecciones Desastre natural

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Regional Studies.

Volume (Year): 44 (2010)
Issue (Month): 8 ()
Pages: 1019-1032

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Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:44:y:2010:i:8:p:1019-1032

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Keywords: Social capital; Learning; Natural disaster;

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References

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  1. Roger Congleton, 2006. "The story of Katrina: New Orleans and the political economy of catastrophe," Public Choice, Springer, vol. 127(1), pages 5-30, April.
  2. Alberto Alesina & Eliana La Ferrara, . "Participation in Heterogeneous Communities," Working Papers 151, IGIER (Innocenzo Gasparini Institute for Economic Research), Bocconi University.
  3. Monica Escaleras & Nejat Anbarci & Charles Register, 2007. "Public sector corruption and major earthquakes: A potentially deadly interaction," Public Choice, Springer, vol. 132(1), pages 209-230, July.
  4. Niclas Berggren & Henrik Jordahl, 2006. "Free to Trust: Economic Freedom and Social Capital," Kyklos, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 59(2), pages 141-169, 05.
  5. Kean Birch & Geoff Whittam, 2008. "The Third Sector and the Regional Development of Social Capital," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 42(3), pages 437-450.
  6. Alesina, Alberto & La Ferrara, Eliana, 2002. "Who trusts others?," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 85(2), pages 207-234, August.
  7. Catherine Eckel & Philip J. Grossman & Angela Milano, 2007. "Is More Information Always Better? An Experimental Study of Charitable Giving and Hurrican Katrina," Southern Economic Journal, Southern Economic Association, vol. 74(2), pages 388-411, October.
  8. La Ferrara, Eliana & Alesina, Alberto, 2000. "Participation in Heterogeneous Communities," Scholarly Articles 4551796, Harvard University Department of Economics.
  9. Thomas A. Garrett & Russell S. Sobel, 2003. "The Political Economy of FEMA Disaster Payments," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, vol. 41(3), pages 496-509, July.
  10. William F. Chappell & Richard G. Forgette & David A. Swanson & Mark V. Van Boening, 2007. "Determinants of Government Aid to Katrina Survivors: Evidence from Survey Data," Southern Economic Journal, Southern Economic Association, vol. 74(2), pages 344-362, October.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Yamamura, Eiji, 2011. "Effect of transparency on changing views regarding nuclear energy before and after Fukushima accident," MPRA Paper 34346, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  2. Yamamura, Eiji, 2012. "Natural disasters and their long-term effect on happiness: the case of the great Hanshin-Awaji earthquake," MPRA Paper 37505, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  3. Eiji Yamamura, 2013. "Institution and decomposition of natural disaster impact on growth," Journal of Economic Studies, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 40(6), pages 720 - 738, November.
  4. Yamamura, Eiji, 2011. "Effect of social capital on income distribution preferences: comparison of neighborhood externality between high- and low-income households," MPRA Paper 32557, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  5. Eiji Yamamura, 2013. "Natural Disasters and Participation in Volunteer Activities: A Case Study of the Great Hanshin-Awaji Earthquake," Annals of Public and Cooperative Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 84(1), pages 103-117, 03.
  6. Yamamura, Eiji, 2011. "Effect of free media on views regarding the safety of nuclear energy after the 2011 disasters in Japan: evidence using cross-country data," MPRA Paper 32011, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  7. Yamamura, Eiji, 2013. "Natural disasters and social capital formation: The impact of the Great Hanshin-Awaji earthquake," MPRA Paper 44493, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  8. Yamamura, Eiji, 2012. "Effect of the Fukushima accident on saving electricity: The case of the Japanese Professional Baseball League," MPRA Paper 42674, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  9. Yamamura, Eiji, 2013. "Transparency and View Regarding Nuclear Energy Before and After the Fukushima Accident: Evidence on Micro-data," MPRA Paper 46608, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  10. Yamamura, Eiji, 2011. "Institution, economic development, and impact of natural disasters," MPRA Paper 32069, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  11. Brata, Aloysius Gunadi, 2010. "Regional Development for a Disastrous Country," MPRA Paper 23606, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  12. Yamamura, Eiji, 2011. "Effect of transparency on changing views regarding nuclear energy before and after Japan’s 2011 natural disasters: A cross-country analysis," MPRA Paper 30954, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  13. Yamamura, Eiji, 2012. "Death tolls from natural disasters: Influence of interactions between fiscal decentralization, institution, and economic development," MPRA Paper 36987, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  14. Yamamura, Eiji, 2012. "Social capital, household income, and preferences for income redistribution," European Journal of Political Economy, Elsevier, vol. 28(4), pages 498-511.

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