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Effects of the optimal step toll scheme on equilibrium commuter behaviour

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  • Chen-Hsiu Laih
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    Abstract

    This paper derives commuters' equilibrium queuing costs and equilibrium schedule delay costs before and after levying the optimal step tolls at a queuing bottleneck. Dealing with these equilibrium costs technically one can forecast some changes in equilibrium commuter behaviour from the no-toll to the optimal step toll cases. There is some useful information provided in this paper. First, the number of commuters who will or will not pay the tolls can be investigated before tolling a queuing bottleneck. Second, all commuters' departure time switching decisions from the no-toll to the tolled cases can be investigated before tolling. Third, the increased leisure time in the morning to the toll payer due to depart from home later than their original departure times in the no-toll case can be investigated before tolling. The above information of equilibrium commuter behaviour, which the related literature has failed to provide, is useful to policy-makers if the optimal step toll scheme is considered to be put into practice.

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    File URL: http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/0003684042000177206
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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Applied Economics.

    Volume (Year): 36 (2004)
    Issue (Month): 1 ()
    Pages: 59-81

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    Handle: RePEc:taf:applec:v:36:y:2004:i:1:p:59-81

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    References

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    1. Richard Arnott & Andre de Palma & Robin Lindsey, 1985. "Economics of a Bottleneck," Working Papers 636, Queen's University, Department of Economics.
    2. Arnott, Richard & de Palma, Andre & Lindsey, Robin, 1993. "A Structural Model of Peak-Period Congestion: A Traffic Bottleneck with Elastic Demand," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 83(1), pages 161-79, March.
    3. De Palma, Andre & Arnott, Richard, 1986. "Usage-dependent peak-load pricing," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 20(2), pages 101-105.
    4. Yang, Hai & Meng, Qiang, 1998. "Departure time, route choice and congestion toll in a queuing network with elastic demand," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 32(4), pages 247-260, May.
    5. Yang, Hai & Hai-Jun, Huang, 1997. "Analysis of the time-varying pricing of a bottleneck with elastic demand using optimal control theory," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 31(6), pages 425-440, November.
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    Cited by:
    1. André De Palma & Mogens Fosgerau, 2010. "Dynamic and Static congestion models: A review," Working Papers hal-00539166, HAL.
    2. Fosgerau, Mogens, 2011. "How a fast lane may replace a congestion toll," MPRA Paper 42271, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    3. C. Robin Lindsey & Vincent A.C. van den Berg & Erik T. Verhoef, 2010. "Step by Step: Revisiting Step Tolling in the Bottleneck Model," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 10-118/3, Tinbergen Institute, revised 02 Aug 2012.
    4. Fosgerau, Mogens & Small, Kenneth A., 2013. "Hypercongestion in downtown metropolis," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 76(C), pages 122-134.
    5. Vincent A.C. van den Berg, 2013. "Coarse Tolling with Heterogeneous Preferences," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 13-120/VIII, Tinbergen Institute.
    6. Nie, Yu (Marco) & Yin, Yafeng, 2013. "Managing rush hour travel choices with tradable credit scheme," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 50(C), pages 1-19.
    7. van den Berg, Vincent A.C., 2012. "Step-tolling with price-sensitive demand: Why more steps in the toll make the consumer better off," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 46(10), pages 1608-1622.
    8. Xiao, Feng & Shen, Wei & Michael Zhang, H., 2012. "The morning commute under flat toll and tactical waiting," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 46(10), pages 1346-1359.
    9. van den Berg, Vincent A.C., 2014. "Coarse tolling with heterogeneous preferences," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 64(C), pages 1-23.
    10. Robin Lindsey, C. & van den Berg, Vincent A.C. & Verhoef, Erik T., 2012. "Step tolling with bottleneck queuing congestion," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 72(1), pages 46-59.
    11. Mogens Fosgerau & André De Palma & Anders Karlstrom & Kenneth A. Small, 2012. "Trip timing and scheduling preferences," Working Papers hal-00742267, HAL.

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