Population growth overshooting and trade in developing countries
AbstractThis paper examines a developing economy by a family-optimization model in which the number of children is a normal good in preferences. Trade liberalization generates two effects: an income effect, which raises population growth in the short run; and a gender wage effect, which decreases that in the long run. With higher income, families invest more in capital. Because female labor is more complementary to capital, a higher level of investment increases women's relative wages and attracts more of them from child rearing into production. Consequently, the population growth rate falls below the original level in the long run. This paper also provides some empirical evidence on these results.
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Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by Springer in its journal Journal of Population Economics.
Volume (Year): 22 (2009)
Issue (Month): 1 (January)
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Other versions of this item:
- Ulla Lehmijoki & Tapio Palokangas, 2006. "Population Growth Overshooting and Trade in Developing Countries," DEGIT Conference Papers c011_025, DEGIT, Dynamics, Economic Growth, and International Trade.
- O41 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - One, Two, and Multisector Growth Models
- J13 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth
- J16 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination
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