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Effets globaux de l'exotaxe européenne

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  • Paul Zagamé
  • Giuseppe Nicoletti
  • Joaquim Oliveira-Martins

Abstract

[fre] Effets globaux de l'exotaxe européenne. . L'objet de cette étude est d'analyser d'un point de vue global les effets de la proposition de la Commission européenne d'une taxe mixte sur l'énergie et le contenu en carbone, pour réduire les émissions de CO2. Les effets de cette propositions sur les émissions et le bien-être collectif de la CEE et du reste du monde sont abordés selon trois perspectives : l'impact des mesures fiscales proposées sur les émissions globales et celles de la CEE ; les coûts induits pour la CEE et les autres pays/régions du monde ; les effets de cette proposition de la Commission sur la répartition des émissions dans le monde et sur la compétitivité de l'économie européenne. À ce titre, la pertinence des « fuites de carbone » — c'est-à-dire le déplacement des activités polluantes de pays signataires d'un accord de réduction des émissions vers des pays non concernés par cet accord — est exa­minée. Cette étude propose des réponses quantifiées à ces questions au moyen de simulations effectuées avec GREEN, le modèle global dynamique d'équilibre général appliqué (EGA) mis au point par le secrétariat de l'OCDE pour évaluer les coûts des politiques visant à réduire les émissions de CO2. [eng] Global effects of the european ecotax. . The aim of this paper is to analyse the implications of the European Commission proposal of a mixed energy cum carbon tax to curb CO2 emissions from a global perspective. The paper deals with the effects of this proposai on emissions and welfare in both the EC and the rest of the world by concentrating on three main issues : i) the effectiveness of the proposed tax measures in terms of curbing EC and global CO2 emissions ; ii) the implied costs for the EC and the other countries/regions of the worlds ; and iii) the impli­cations of the EC proposai for the world distribution of emissions and the competitive-ness of the EC economy. In this connection, the relevance of the so-called "carbon leakages" — i.e. the displacement of polluting activities from countries participating in an emission reduction agreement to countries not concerned by the agreement — is examined. The paper provides quantitative answers to these issues using simulations with GREEN, the global dynamic applied general equilibrium (AGE) model developed by the OECD Secretariat in order to study the costs of policies aimed at reducing CO2 emis-

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Revue économique.

Volume (Year): 45 (1994)
Issue (Month): 3 ()
Pages: 931-946

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Handle: RePEc:prs:reveco:reco_0035-2764_1994_num_45_3_409583

Note: DOI:10.2307/3502374
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Web page: http://www.persee.fr/web/revues/home/prescript/revue/reco

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