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Droits à la retraite et mortalité différentielle


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  • Antoine Bommier
  • Thierry Magnac
  • Benoît Rapoport
  • Muriel Roger


[fre] Nous estimons, à partir de données administratives françaises , l’Échantillon Interrégimes des Retraités, la mortalité différentielle entre 1997 et 2001 de générations nées entre 1906 et 1930 selon le montant des pensions de retraite. La mortalité différentielle est significative pour les hommes mais ne l’est pas pour les femmes. Dans notre échantillon, un doublement du revenu entraîne une baisse du taux instantané de mortalité d’environ 10% pour les hommes. Une évaluation illustrative montre que si la mortalité différentielle ne remet pas en cause, d’un point de vue monétaire, le caractère redistributif du système de retraite français elle semble en affecter significativement l’amplitude. [eng] Pensions and Differential Mortality.. We estimate, using French administrative data from the "Échantillon Interrégimes des Retraités" (all-regime pensioner sample), the differential mortality between 1997 and 2001 of the generations born between 1906 and 1930 according to the size of retirement pension. Differential mortality is significant for men but not for women. In the sample, a doubling of income leads to a decrease in the instantaneous mortality rate of around 10 % for men. An illustrative calculation shows that while differential mortality does not call into question from an income standpoint the redistributive character of the French pension system, it nevertheless seems to have a significant impact on its amplitude.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Économie & prévision.

Volume (Year): 168 (2005)
Issue (Month): 2 ()
Pages: 1-16

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Handle: RePEc:prs:ecoprv:ecop_0249-4744_2005_num_168_2_7417

Note: DOI:10.3406/ecop.2005.7417
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  1. Stephen E. Snyder & William N. Evans, 2002. "The Impact of Income on Mortality: Evidence from the Social Security Notch," NBER Working Papers 9197, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Deaton, Angus S & Paxson, Christina H, 1998. "Aging and Inequality in Income and Health," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 88(2), pages 248-53, May.
  3. Mustard, Cameron A. & Derksen, Shelley & Berthelot, Jean-marie & Wolfson, Michael & Roos, Leslie L., 1997. "Age-specific education and income gradients in morbidity and mortality in a Canadian province," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 45(3), pages 383-397, August.
  4. James P. Smith, 1999. "Healthy Bodies and Thick Wallets: The Dual Relation between Health and Economic Status," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 13(2), pages 145-166, Spring.
  5. Sully Ledermann, 1960. "Estimation de l'espérance de vie à la naissance par catégorie professionnelle en France," Population (french edition), Institut National d'Études Démographiques (INED), vol. 15(1), pages 127-131.
  6. Guy Desplanques, 1973. "A 35 ans, les instituteurs ont encore 41 ans à vivre, les manœuvres 34 ans seulement," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 49(1), pages 3-19.
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Cited by:
  1. Christophe Hachon, 2009. "Who Really Benefits from Pension Systems ? When Life Expectancy Matters," Revue d'économie politique, Dalloz, vol. 0(4), pages 613-632.
  2. Christophe Hachon, 2010. "Éducation et progressivité des systèmes de retraite. Quand les inégalités face à la mort comptent," Revue économique, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 0(4), pages 751-769.
  3. Leroux, Marie-Louise & Pestieau, Pierre & Racionero, María, 2011. "Voting on pensions: Sex and marriage," European Journal of Political Economy, Elsevier, vol. 27(2), pages 281-296, June.
  4. Garrouste, Clémentine & Blake, Hélène, 2013. "Killing me softly: work and mortality among French seniors," Economics Papers from University Paris Dauphine 123456789/12125, Paris Dauphine University.
  5. Blake, Hélène & Garrouste, Clémentine, 2013. "Killing me softly: work and mortality among French seniors," Economics Papers from University Paris Dauphine 123456789/12127, Paris Dauphine University.
  6. Jusot, Florence, 2006. "The shape of the relationship between mortality and income in France," Economics Papers from University Paris Dauphine 123456789/425, Paris Dauphine University.
  7. Marie-Louise Leroux, 2011. "Endogenous differential mortality, non-contractible effort and non-linear taxation," International Tax and Public Finance, Springer, vol. 18(1), pages 56-73, February.
  8. Direr, A., 2010. "The taxation of life annuities under adverse selection," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 94(1-2), pages 50-58, February.


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