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La croissance du revenu des retraités en Europe peut-elle être considérée comme pro-pauvres ?

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  • Bérangère Legendre

    ()
    (IREGE - Institut de Recherche en Gestion et en Economie - Université de Savoie - Institut d'Administration des Entreprises (IAE) - Savoie Mont-Blanc)

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    Abstract

    Récemment, la possibilité d'étendre aux hommes la majoration de durée d'assurance accordée aux femmes et comptant pour le calcul des droits à la retraite a fait débat, suite à un arrêt de la Cour de cassation de 2006, confirmé en 2009. Cet arrêt, fondé sur l'article 14 de la Convention européenne des droits de l'homme, conclut qu'il n'existe aucune différence " objective et raisonnable " entre une femme n'ayant pas interrompu sa carrière pour élever ses enfants et un homme ayant élevé seul ses enfants. Cette majoration de durée d'assurance a pour objectif de pallier les inégalités de retraite entre hommes et femmes. Des motifs professionnels sont souvent à l'origine des inégalités de genre entre retraités. C'est pourquoi plusieurs pays européens cherchent à développer des mécanismes de compensation à destination des femmes. Ce type de mesure peut être inclus dans un ensemble de politiques sociales à but redistributif à destination des retraités. Bien comprendre l'effet des mesures de redistribution semble nécessaire dans un contexte de réformes parfois structurelles des systèmes de retraite visant à assurer la pérennité des systèmes par répartition.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by HAL in its series Post-Print with number hal-00951721.

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    Date of creation: 2011
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    Publication status: Published, Retraite et société, 2011, 1, 60, 173-195
    Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:hal-00951721

    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: http://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00951721
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    1. Heckman, James, 2013. "Sample selection bias as a specification error," Applied Econometrics, Publishing House "SINERGIA PRESS", vol. 31(3), pages 129-137.
    2. Carole Bonnet & Marco Geraci, 2009. "Comment corriger les inégalités de retraite entre hommes et femmes ? L’expérience de cinq pays européens," Population et Sociétés 453, Institut National d'Études Démographiques (INED).
    3. Robert L. Brown & Steven G. Prus, 2006. "Income Inequality over the Later-Life Course: A Comparative Analysis of Seven OECD Countries," Social and Economic Dimensions of an Aging Population Research Papers 154, McMaster University.
    4. Breusch, T S & Pagan, A R, 1979. "A Simple Test for Heteroscedasticity and Random Coefficient Variation," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 47(5), pages 1287-94, September.
    5. Gary V. Engelhardt & Jonathan Gruber, 2004. "Social Security and the Evolution of Elderly Poverty," NBER Working Papers 10466, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    6. Orazio Attanasio & Carl Emmerson, 2001. "Differential mortality in the UK," IFS Working Papers W01/16, Institute for Fiscal Studies.
    7. Feldstein, Martin S, 1974. "Social Security, Induced Retirement, and Aggregate Capital Accumulation," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 82(5), pages 905-26, Sept./Oct.
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