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Tendances et profil de la pauvreté au Cap-Vert de 2001 à 2007 : Analyses quantitative et qualitative

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  • Propere Backiny-Yetna
  • Flávia Carbonari
  • Quentin Wodon

Abstract

Le Cap-Vert a bénéficié d’une croissance économique rapide au cours des dernières vingt années. Les études existantes indiquent que la part de la population en pauvreté a baissé de 49.0 pourcent en 1988-89 à 36.7 pourcent en 2001-02. Les résultats présentés ici suggèrent une continuation de cette tendance avec 26.6 pourcent de la population en pauvreté en 2007. Cet article décrit la méthodologie utilisée pour obtenir ces estimations et présente en outre un profil de la pauvreté selon les caractéristiques des ménages. De plus, les résultats d’une analyse qualitative des perceptions des ménages vis-à-vis de leurs conditions de vie réalisée en 2007 à partir de groupes de discussions et entretiens approfondis sont aussi discutés. Il y a une certaine convergence entre les résultats de l’analyse quantitative et ceux de l’analyse qualitative, au sens où de nombreuses personnes ayant participé aux discussions de groupe confirment qu’elles ont bénéficié d’une amélioration de leurs conditions de vie, mais l’analyse qualitative révèle aussi une certaine vulnérabilité, en particulier dans le domaine de l’emploi. Cape Verde has enjoyed rapid economic growth over the past twenty years. Existing studies suggest hat the proportion of the population in poverty declined from 49.0 percent in 1988-89 to 36.7 percent in 2001-02. The results presented here suggest a continuation of this trend with only 26.6 percent of the population in poverty in 2007. This article describes the methodology used to derive these estimates and presents a profile of poverty according to household characteristics. In addition, the results of a qualitative analysis of household perceptions vis-à-vis their living conditions conducted in 2007 using focus groups and in-depth interviews are also discussed. There is some convergence between the results of the quantitative analysis and those of the qualitative analysis, in that many of those who participated in the focus groups confirm that their standard of living has improved. But the qualitative analysis also reveals persisting vulnerability, particularly in the area of employment.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Association Africaine pour les Sciences sociales in its journal Perspective Afrique.

Volume (Year): 5 (2010)
Issue (Month): 1-3 ()
Pages: 1-34

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Handle: RePEc:paf:journl:v:5:y:2010:i:1-3:p:1-34

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Keywords: Poverty; Cape Verde;

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  1. Datt, Gaurav & Ravallion, Martin, 1992. "Growth and redistribution components of changes in poverty measures : A decomposition with applications to Brazil and India in the 1980s," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 38(2), pages 275-295, April.
  2. Christiaensen, Luc & Scott, Christopher & Wodon, Quentin, 2002. "Poverty Measurement and Analysis," MPRA Paper 45362, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  3. Angel-Urdinola, Diego & Wodon, Quentin, 2007. "Assessing Absolute and Relative Poverty Trends with Limited Data in Cape Verde," MPRA Paper 11111, University Library of Munich, Germany.
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