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North American Economic Integration and Industry Location

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  • Hanson, Gordon H

Abstract

Does regional economic integration affect the location of economic activity inside countries? Discussed in this paper is recent academic literature on whether the movement towards free trade in North America has influenced the spatial organization of production in Canada, Mexico, or the United States. In Mexico, closer economic ties with the United States appear to have contributed to a contraction of employment in the Mexico City manufacturing belt, a rapid expansion of manufacturing employment in northern Mexico, and an increase in the wage premiums paid to skilled workers. The effects of economic integration on industry location in Canada and the United States seem to have been much weaker. One exception to this finding is US cities on the Mexican border, whose employment growth is strongly positively correlated with export production in neighbouring Mexican regions. The implication of a possible hemispheric free-trade agreement are also discussed. Copyright 1998 by Oxford University Press.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Oxford University Press in its journal Oxford Review of Economic Policy.

Volume (Year): 14 (1998)
Issue (Month): 2 (Summer)
Pages: 30-44

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Handle: RePEc:oup:oxford:v:14:y:1998:i:2:p:30-44

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  13. Gordon H. Hanson, 1997. "The Effects of Offshore Assembly on Industry Location: Evidence from U.S. Border Cities," NBER Chapters, in: The Effects of U.S. Trade Protection and Promotion Policies, pages 297-322 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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  27. repec:fth:iniesr:430 is not listed on IDEAS
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