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Labor Market Search and Optimal Retirement Policy

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Author Info

  • Joydeep Bhattacharya
  • Casey B. Mulligan
  • Robert R. Reed

Abstract

A popular and long-standing view is that social security is a means for young, unemployed people to "purchase" jobs from older workers. Can social security, by encouraging retirement and hence creating job vacancies for the young, improve the allocation of workers to jobs? Maybe, according to a standard model of labor market search, but public retirement programs currently pay the elderly substantially more than their jobs are worth. An important effect is that retirement reduces the value of other vacant jobs. Our results imply that recent reforms aimed at reducing retirement incentives are likely to improve labor market efficiency. (JEL J41, H55, J64, J26) Copyright 2004, Oxford University Press.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Western Economic Association International in its journal Economic Inquiry.

Volume (Year): 42 (2004)
Issue (Month): 4 (October)
Pages: 560-571

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Handle: RePEc:oup:ecinqu:v:42:y:2004:i:4:p:560-571

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  1. Casey B Mulligan, 2000. "Can Monopoly Unionism Explain Publically Induced Retirement?," University of Chicago - George G. Stigler Center for Study of Economy and State 157, Chicago - Center for Study of Economy and State.
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Cited by:
  1. Mário Centeno & Márcio Corrêa, 2006. "Job Matching, Unexpected Obligations And Retirement Decisions," Anais do XXXIV Encontro Nacional de Economia [Proceedings of the 34th Brazilian Economics Meeting] 159, ANPEC - Associação Nacional dos Centros de Pósgraduação em Economia [Brazilian Association of Graduate Programs in Economics].
  2. Maes, Marjan, 2008. "Does the dismantlement of early retirement schemes increase unemployment in Belgium?," Working Papers 2008/57, Hogeschool-Universiteit Brussel, Faculteit Economie en Management.
  3. Bhattacharya, Joydeep & Reed, Robert, 2003. "Aging, Unemployment, and Welfare in a Life-Cycle Model with Costly Labor Market Search," Staff General Research Papers 10255, Iowa State University, Department of Economics.
  4. J. Ignacio García Pérez & Alfonso R. Sánchez Mártin, 2012. "Fostering job search among older workers: the case for pension reform," Working Papers 12.09, Universidad Pablo de Olavide, Department of Economics.
  5. Bhattacharya, Joydeep & Reed, Robert, 2003. "A Positive Theory of the Income Redistributive Focus of Social Security," Staff General Research Papers 10681, Iowa State University, Department of Economics.
  6. Leon J.H. Bettendorf & D. Peter Broer, 2003. "Lifetime Labor Supply in a Search Model of Unemployment," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 03-032/2, Tinbergen Institute.
  7. Bhattacharya, Joydeep & Reed, Robert, 2006. "Social Security and Intergenerational Redistribution," Staff General Research Papers 12661, Iowa State University, Department of Economics.
  8. Bhattacharya, Joydeep & Reed, Robert, 2003. "Age-Specific Employment Policies," Staff General Research Papers 10256, Iowa State University, Department of Economics.

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