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Transzformációs sokk heterogén munkaerőpiacon
[Transformation shock on a heterogeneous labour market]

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  • Köllő, János
  • Simonovits, András

    ()

  • Balla, Katalin
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    Abstract

    A tanulmány a jól ismert Aghion-Blanchard-modell kiterjesztése arra az esetre, amikor a bérek késedelmes alkalmazkodása miatt a kibontakozó magánszektor vállalatai átmenetileg eltérő nyereségességgel, és ezért eltérő ütemben teremtenek munkahelyeket a gazdaság különböző földrajzi vagy foglalkozási szegmenseiben. Két szektort feltételezve megvizsgáljuk a foglalkoztatás, a bérek, az adók és a profitok alakulását a rendszerváltás sokkjának teljes felszívásáig, ami lényegesen hosszabb ideig tart, mint maga az átmenet, azaz az állami szektor lebontása. A működőképesség a munkahelyrombolás ütemétől és a foglalkoztatást érő kezdeti sokkhatástól függ. A működőképes átmeneti pályákat egyidejűleg befolyásolják a segélyek, az adók és az esetleges foglalkoztatási támogatások. Megmutatjuk, hogy létezik olyan támogatási politika, amely nemcsak nagyobb egyenlőséghez vezet, hanem magasabb aggregált foglalkoztatást és összjövedelmet is eredményez. A szubvenció hatása gyors munkahelyrombolás és magas segély (a magyarországihoz hasonló átmenet) esetén a legerősebb. Journal of Economic Literature (JEL) kód: J64, P31, H53.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Közgazdasági Szemle Alapítvány (Economic Review Foundation) in its journal Közgazdasági Szemle (Economic Review - monthly of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences).

    Volume (Year): LIII (2006)
    Issue (Month): 6 ()
    Pages: 485-508

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    Handle: RePEc:ksa:szemle:845

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    References

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    1. Dewatripont, M & Roland, G, 1992. "The Virtues of Gradualism and Legitimacy in the Transition to a Market Economy," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 102(411), pages 291-300, March.
    2. Tito Boeri, 1999. "Transition with Labour Supply," William Davidson Institute Working Papers Series 274, William Davidson Institute at the University of Michigan.
    3. Micael Castanheira De Moura & Gérard Roland, 2000. "The optimal speed of transition: a general equilibrium analysis," ULB Institutional Repository 2013/10011, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
    4. Philippe Aghion & Olivier J. Blanchard, 1994. "On the Speed of Transition in Central Europe," NBER Chapters, in: NBER Macroeconomics Annual 1994, Volume 9, pages 283-330 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    5. Philippe Aghion & Olivier Jean Blanchard, 1994. "On the Speed of Transition Central Europe," NBER Working Papers 4736, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    6. Phelps, Edmund S, 1994. "Low-Wage Employment Subsidies versus the Welfare State," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 84(2), pages 54-58, May.
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