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Az agrárkereskedelem dinamikája - A csatlakozó országok esete
[The dynamics of agri-food trade patterns - the accession countries case]

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Author Info

  • Fertő, Imre
  • Hubbard, Lionel J.

Abstract

A tanulmány a közép-európai országok agrárkereskedelmi szerkezetének dinamikáját vizsgálja meg 1992 és 2000 között. A kereskedelem specializációjának mérésére a klasszikus Balassa-indexet (B-indexet), illetve annak szimmetrikus transzformációját használtuk. A kereskedelem specializációja csökkenő trendet mutat, azaz a közép-európai országok a vizsgált időszakban számos termékcsoportban elveszítették komparatív előnyeiket. A Balassa-indexek közelebbi elemzése azt mutatja, hogy azok konvergáltak egymáshoz, de az egyes termékcsoportokra az indexek nagyobb változékonyságot mutattak. Meglehetősen nagy annak a valószínűsége, hogy egy termékcsoport specializációja csökkenjen, míg annak növekedésére alig van esély. Végezetül, eredményeink nem támogatják az önmegerősítő mechanizmus létét, amely mellett olyan erősen érvel az endogén növekedés és a kereskedelemelmélet egyik része. Journal of Economic Literature (JEL) kód: Q12.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Közgazdasági Szemle Alapítvány (Economic Review Foundation) in its journal Közgazdasági Szemle (Economic Review - monthly of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences).

Volume (Year): LII (2005)
Issue (Month): 1 ()
Pages: 24-38

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Handle: RePEc:ksa:szemle:741

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Web page: http://www.kszemle.hu

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Postal: Közgazdasági Szemle Alapítvány (Economic Review Foundation) Budapest, Budaörsi út 45., 1112, Hungary
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Web: http://www.kszemle.hu/elofizetes/

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References

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  1. Kunimoto, Kazutaka, 1977. "Typology of Trade Intensity Indices," Hitotsubashi Journal of Economics, Hitotsubashi University, vol. 17(2), pages 15-32, February.
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Cited by:
  1. Miklós VÁSÁRY, 2013. "Foreign trade trends in the Hungarian-Romanian turnover of agricultural products," Eastern Journal of European Studies, Centre for European Studies, Alexandru Ioan Cuza University, vol. 4, pages 81-103, June.

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