The positive utility of the commute: modeling ideal commute time and relative desired commute amount
AbstractTwo measures of commute time preferences Ã¢â¬â Ideal Commute Time and Relative Desired Commute amount (a variable indicating the desire to commute Ã¢â¬Åmuch lessÃ¢â¬ to Ã¢â¬Åmuch moreÃ¢â¬ than currently) Ã¢â¬â are modeled, using tobit and ordered probit, respectively. Ideal Commute Time was found to be positively related to Actual Commute Time and to a liking and utility for commuting, and negatively related to commute frequency and to a family/community-oriented lifestyle. Relative Desired Commute, on the other hand, was negatively related to amounts of actual commute and work-related travel, but positively related to travel liking and a measure of commute benefit. Overall, commute time is not unequivocally a source of disutility to be minimized but rather offers some benefits (such as a transition between home and work). Most people have a non-zero optimum commute time, which can be violated in either direction Ã¢â¬â i.e. it is possible (although comparatively rare, occurring for only 7% of the sample) to commute too little. On the other hand, a large proportion of people (52% of the sample) are commuting longer than they would like, and hence would presumably be receptive to reducing (although usually not eliminating) that commute.
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Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by Springer in its journal Transportation.
Volume (Year): 28 (2001)
Issue (Month): 2 (May)
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Web page: http://www.springerlink.com/link.asp?id=103007
commuting; ordered probit; tobit; travel behavior;
Other versions of this item:
- Redmond, Lothlorien S. & Mokhtarian, Patricia L., 2001. "The Positive Utility of the Commute: Modeling Ideal Commute Time and Relative Desired Commute Amount," University of California Transportation Center, Working Papers qt4mc291p2, University of California Transportation Center.
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- Mokhtarian, Patricia L. & Salomon, Ilan, 1997.
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Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice,
Elsevier, vol. 31(1), pages 35-50, January.
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- Redmond, Lothlorien, 2000. "Identifying and Analyzing Travel-Related Attitudinal, Personality, and Lifestyle Clusters in the San Francisco Bay Area," Institute of Transportation Studies, Working Paper Series qt0317h7v4, Institute of Transportation Studies, UC Davis.
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