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Inner-Outer Lane Advantage in Olympic 1000 Meter Speed Skating

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Author Info

  • Richard Kamst

    ()
    (University of Groningen)

  • Gerard H. Kuper

    ()
    (University of Groningen)

  • Gerard Sierksma

    ()
    (University of Groningen)

  • Bertus G. Talsma

    ()
    (University of Groningen)

Abstract

During the Olympic Games and the World Championships Single Distances the 1000m is skated by every skater only one time. However, there may be a difference in skating a 1000m race with a start in the inner and the outer lane that introduces an externality that introduces unfairness. We show that this difference indeed exists. For the period 2000- 2009 we observe a statistically significant advantage of starting in the inner lane of 0.120 seconds for women. For male skater the difference between starting lanes is 0.030, but not significantly different from zero. In order tomake the competition fair, we suggest that the 1000m should be skated twice.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Justus-Liebig University Giessen, Department of Statistics and Economics in its journal Journal of Economics and Statistics.

Volume (Year): 232 (2012)
Issue (Month): 3 (May)
Pages: 293-307

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Handle: RePEc:jns:jbstat:v:232:y:2012:i:3:p:293-307

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Keywords: Olympic Games; speed skating; statistics; competition design;

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References

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  1. Kuper, Gerard H. & Sterken, Elmer, 2004. "Do skin suits increase average skating speed?," CCSO Working Papers 200404, University of Groningen, CCSO Centre for Economic Research.
  2. Richard Kamst & Gerard H. Kuper & Gerard Sierksma, 2010. "The Olympic 500-m speed skating; the inner-outer lane difference," Statistica Neerlandica, Netherlands Society for Statistics and Operations Research, vol. 64(4), pages 448-459.
  3. Kuper, Gerard H. & Sterken, Elmer, 2003. "Endurance in speed skating: The development of world records," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 148(2), pages 293-301, July.
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