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Capital regulation and bank lending

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  • Frederick T. Furlong

Abstract

Bank regulation in general and capital regulation in particular are widely perceived as having become stiffer in the 1990s. The stiffer regulatory environment in turn is argued to have curtailed bank lending. This article determines the extent to which capital standards changed in the 1990s and examines the relationship between capital positions and the bank lending. The empirical results suggest that capital standards did increase in the 1990s. The analysis also shows that bank loan growth rates are positively related to capital-to-assets ratios. Moreover, sensitivity of bank lending to capital positions appears to have increased in the 1990s. Regionally, capital regulation likely had the most pronounced. effect on bank lending in New England.

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File URL: http://www.frbsf.org/publications/economics/review/1992/92-3_23-33.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco in its journal Economic Review.

Volume (Year): (1992)
Issue (Month): ()
Pages: 23-33

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Handle: RePEc:fip:fedfer:y:1992:p:23-33:n:3

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Keywords: Bank supervision ; Bank capital ; Bank loans;

References

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  1. Joe Peek & Eric Rosengren, 1993. "The Capital Crunch: Neither A Borrower Nor A Lender Be," Boston College Working Papers in Economics 243, Boston College Department of Economics.
  2. Ben S. Bernanke & Cara S. Lown, 1991. "The Credit Crunch," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Economic Studies Program, The Brookings Institution, vol. 22(2), pages 205-248.
  3. Herbert Baer & John McElravey, 1992. "Capital adequacy and the growth of U.S. banks," Working Paper Series, Issues in Financial Regulation 92-11, Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago.
  4. Fred Furlong, 1991. "Financial constraints and bank credit," FRBSF Economic Letter, Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, issue may24.
  5. Jensen, Michael C. & Meckling, William H., 1976. "Theory of the firm: Managerial behavior, agency costs and ownership structure," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 3(4), pages 305-360, October.
  6. White, Halbert, 1980. "A Heteroskedasticity-Consistent Covariance Matrix Estimator and a Direct Test for Heteroskedasticity," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 48(4), pages 817-38, May.
  7. Elizabeth S. Laderman & Ronald H. Schmidt & Gary C. Zimmerman, 1991. "Location, branching, and bank portfolio diversification: the case of agricultural lending," Economic Review, Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, issue Win, pages 24-38.
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