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Role of Demographic Characteristics on Job Satisfaction


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  • Muhamamd Mudasar Ghafoor

    (PhD (Scholar), School of Business, University of Dundee, Scotland, United Kingdom)

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    The cross-sectional study attempts to examine the relationship between Demographic Characteristics and job satisfaction among academic staff of public and private sectors universities in Pakistan. There were 132 universities in Pakistan, in which 73 public sectors and 59 from private sectors. This study was conducted in Punjab Province in which total number of universities was 40 which includes 22 public and 18 private sectors. This study considered all public and private sector universities which were working in Punjab Province of Pakistan. Minnesota satisfaction questionnaire by Weiss, et al., was adopted and few items added to measure demographic characteristics. The questionnaire was pretested in seven universities of Punjab Province before final data collection. For data analysis Statistical Packages for Social Sciences (SPSS) were used. The studied population was 6327 academic staff which comprises Lecturers, Assistant Professors, Associate Professors and Professors. The sample size was 310 academic staff and usable questionnaires were 299 which were 96.45% of total sample size. The cronbach’s alpha of the instrument was .852 which was above acceptable range. It was found there was not too much difference in job satisfaction on the basis of demographic characteristics. But, male academic staffs were slightly more satisfied than their counterpart. The permanent academic staffs were more satisfied than contractual academic staff. The academic staffs with PhD’s degree were more satisfied with job than academic staff with MPhil, Master and Bachelor (Hons) degree. The academic staffs with high net monthly salary were found more satisfied than those who were earning less monthly salary. The experienced faculty members were more satisfied than less experienced. It was also found age and job satisfaction was not positively correlated with each other’s. The academic staffs from private sector universities were comparatively more satisfied with overall job satisfaction than that of public sector universities. The findings of this study are helpful for administration of the concerned universities, Ministry of Education and Higher Education Commission of Pakistan for policy formulation regarding human assets.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Far East Research Centre in its journal Far East Journal of Psychology and Business.

    Volume (Year): 6 No 1 Paper 1 January (2012)
    Issue (Month): 3 (January)
    Pages: 30-45

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    Handle: RePEc:fej:articl:v:6a:y:2012:i:3:p:30-45

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    Keywords: Job Satisfaction; Demographic Characteristics; Higher Education Commission.;

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    1. Zaheer, Arshad & Rehman, Kashif ur & Saif, M. Iqbal, 2008. "Development and testing of a business process efficiency scale," MPRA Paper 54467, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. Nadeem Ul Haque & Ratna Sahay, 1996. "Do Government Wage Cuts Close Budget Deficits? Costs of Corruption," IMF Staff Papers, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 43(4), pages 754-778, December.
    3. António Afonso & Ludger Schuknecht & Vito Tanzi, 2005. "Public sector efficiency: An international comparison," Public Choice, Springer, vol. 123(3), pages 321-347, June.
    4. Krueger, Anne O, 1974. "The Political Economy of the Rent-Seeking Society," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 64(3), pages 291-303, June.
    5. International Monetary Fund, 1998. "Public Sector Efficiency and Fiscal Austerity," IMF Working Papers 98/56, International Monetary Fund.
    6. Rose-Ackerman, Susan, 1975. "The economics of corruption," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 4(2), pages 187-203, February.
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    Cited by:
    1. Muhammad Saqib Khan & Irfanullah Khan & Ghulam Muhammad Kundi & Shadiullah Khan & Allah Nawaz & Farhatullah Khan & Naseem Bakht Yar, 2014. "The Impact of Job Satisfaction and Organizational commitment on the Intention to leave among the Academicians," International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences, Human Resource Management Academic Research Society, International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences, vol. 4(2), pages 114-131, February.


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