Do Domestic Firms Benefit from Geographical Proximity with Foreign Investors? Evidence from the Privatization of the Czech Glass Industry
AbstractThis paper analyzes the effects of geographical proximity and agglomeration of foreign direct investors on domestic firms in the privatized glass sector in the Czech Republic. The motivation for this research is based on the scant evidence in Central and Eastern Europe of the effects of geographical proximity and agglomeration on the productivity of domestic firms. This study aims to explain how spillovers are transferred from foreign direct investors to domestic firms in an industrial sector. The econometrical analysis, using original panel data from 1990 to 2006, provides evidence that the geographical proximity to foreign direct investors has a negative and significant effect on the productivity of domestic firms in the glass sector. The effect of agglomeration of foreign direct investors is significant, too. The results support the importance of geographic proximity and the agglomeration of foreign direct investors as a channel of spillovers and it conforms with the evidence that shows that fore ign direct investors have produced negative spillovers on domestic firms in transition countries. The analysis shows, however, that spillovers do not play a dominant role for the performance of privatized domestic firms in the glass sector and the importance of taking into account the industrial sector in the study of spillovers.
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Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by Charles University Prague, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute of Economic Studies in its journal AUCO Czech Economic Review.
Volume (Year): 3 (2009)
Issue (Month): 1 (March)
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- C23 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Longitudinal Data; Spatial Time Series
- F21 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Investment; Long-Term Capital Movements
- F23 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - Multinational Firms; International Business
- L61 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Manufacturing - - - Metals and Metal Products; Cement; Glass; Ceramics
- O18 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Urban, Rural, Regional, and Transportation Analysis; Housing; Infrastructure
- R12 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity; Interregional Trade (economic geography)
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