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Job Creation and Destruction in Northern Ireland - 1973-1993

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  • Stephen Roper

    (Aston Business School, Birmingham)

Abstract

Job creation and destruction estimates are made for Northern Ireland manufacturing using the ARD database. International comparisons suggest job creation and destruction rates in Northern Ireland were below those elsewhere. Job turnover rates exhibit the standard properties, however, with counter-cyclical job destruction and pro-cyclical job creation. A number of other key results emerge. First, small firms are the only size band for which the net change in employment was positive. Second, job turnover in small firms is less cyclical than that in larger companies. Third, firm contraction and expansion were more important sources of job creation and destruction in Northern Ireland than in the UK as a whole.

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File URL: http://www.esr.ie/Vol%2035%202/Vol35_2Roper.pdf
File Function: First version, 2004
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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Economic and Social Studies in its journal Economic and Social Review.

Volume (Year): 35 (2004)
Issue (Month): 2 ()
Pages: 183–218

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Handle: RePEc:eso:journl:v:35:y:2004:i:2:p:183-218

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  1. Davis, Steven J & Haltiwanger, John C, 1992. "Gross Job Creation, Gross Job Destruction, and Employment Reallocation," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 107(3), pages 819-63, August.
  2. Steven J. Davis & John C. Haltiwanger & Scott Schuh, 1998. "Job Creation and Destruction," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 0262540932, December.
  3. Konings, Jozef, 1995. "Job Creation and Job Destruction in the UK Manufacturing Sector," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 57(1), pages 5-24, February.
  4. Roper, Stephen & Hewitt-Dundas, Nola, 1999. "Grant Assistance and Small Firm Development in Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland," ERSA conference papers ersa99pa396, European Regional Science Association.
  5. Hart, Mark & Hanvey, Eric, 1995. " Job Generation and New and Small Firms: Some Evidence from the Late 1980s," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 7(2), pages 97-109, April.
  6. Broersma, Lourens & Gautier, Pieter, 1997. " Job Creation and Job Destruction by Small Firms: An Empirical Investigation for the Dutch Manufacturing Sector," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 9(3), pages 211-24, June.
  7. Ann E. Harrison & Brian J. Aitken, 1999. "Do Domestic Firms Benefit from Direct Foreign Investment? Evidence from Venezuela," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 89(3), pages 605-618, June.
  8. David Fielding, 2003. "Investment, employment, and political conflict in Northern Ireland," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 55(3), pages 512-535, July.
  9. Blanchflower, David & Burgess, Simon, 1994. "Job Creation and Job Destruction in Britain: 1980-90," CEPR Discussion Papers 912, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
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